明星资讯腾讯娱乐2017年10月23日 08:19:11
栏目简介:《造物小百科How its made》介绍了许多东西的制作或者说发明方法,非常实用。其中的英语视频发音地道,内容浅显易懂,过程形象生动,是提高英语听力水平,积累英语知识和一些简单生活常识的好素材。201509/392025


Any closer to the Sun, like Venus,and its far too hot.离太阳再近些,像金星 那就太热了Any water would boil away.Look at the green zone.什么水都会蒸发掉 看那片绿色区域This is the only place in the entire solar system that can support complex life,这是整个太阳系中唯一一个 可以持复杂生命生长的位置and Earth is the only planet there.地球是这里唯一的星球But its not just Earths proximity to the Sun thats important.重要的并不只是地球和太阳的位置Were also lucky enough to orbit the right type of sun.我们也很幸运围绕着正确的恒星旋转This is the actual surface of the Sun.这是太阳表面Every second, four million tons of the Sun is converted into pure energy.每一秒,太阳上的四百万吨物质 都会被转换成能量Its been doing this for more than four and a half billion years.它已经这样燃烧了45亿年了And its this long lifespan that makes our Sun so special.就是因为这样长的时间让我们的太阳这么特别Many other stars are bigger, but at a cost.其它的恒星可能更大但是那是有代价的The larger the star is, the quicker it burns up and dies.恒星越大它燃烧的越快很快就会燃尽消亡It took billions of years for complex life to get going on Earth,复杂生命需要几十亿年在地球上进化and its our Suns long life that made that possible.因为我们的太阳寿命长才使复杂生命成为可能And theres one final piece of good fortune that life on Earth depends on.Jupiter.地球上的生命 还有最后一件幸运事 木星201512/416182

  Consuming too much sodium can lead to hypertension which predisposes to other conditions食用过多钠会导致高血压,高血压会引发其他疾病including stroke, heart attack and kidney failure.比如中风,心脏病和肾功能衰竭Reading nutrition labels can assist you in avoiding foods containing high amounts of sodium.阅读营养成分表可以帮助你避免含钠量高的食物Hypertension is a multi-faceted problem that is defined as a systolic/diastolic pressures of greater than 140 over 90.高血压是个多方面的问题,收缩压/舒张压高于140/90时即为高血压,In some individuals blood pressure is increased by consuming dietary sodium.一些人食用钠会使血压升高,However, in others sodium intake does not affect blood pressure.但是其他人摄取钠并不影响血压,If hypertension develops reducing sodium intake should be the first therapy.如果出现高血压,第一步治疗就是要减少钠的摄取,It is important to know that reducing sodium may not correct the hypertension and medications may be necessary.但是也要知道少吃钠可能不会使血压回落,还可能需要药物治疗,Foods that contain hidden amounts of sodium contain canned soups, pickles, sauces and gravies,一些食物暗藏着钠,这些食物包括罐头汤,泡菜,酱汁,肉汁as well as cheese and processed meats.还有起司和加工过的肉,Regular exercise is also very important to reduce hypertension.经常锻炼对于预防和降低高血压也很重要Iron is required in small amounts.人体需铁量很小,Therefore it is a micronutrient.因此铁是微量元素,Iron is part of the molecule heme found in hemoglobin in red blood cells.铁是血红素的一部分,血红素位于红细胞中的血红蛋白上The function of heme is to bind oxygen so that it can be delivered throughout the body.血红素的作用是携带氧将其运往全身各处,If the body lacks sufficient iron not enough heme can be made leading to anemia.如果身体缺铁就无法制造足够的血红素,从而导致贫血Anemia causes fatigue, shortness of breath and apathy.贫血会导致乏力,气促和注意力下降The amount of iron required to prevent anemia is 200 to 400 mg per day.预防贫血所需的铁是每天200到400mgIt is estimated that the average amount of iron absorbed from the American diet据估计美国人从食物中吸收的铁is about 10 to 20 percent of what is actually present in foods.只占食物中实际所含铁的10%到20%Food iron comes in two forms: heme and non-heme.食物中的铁有两种形式:血红素铁和非血红素铁,Heme iron is easily absorbed from the foods in which it is present.血红素铁很容易从食物中吸收Animal foods, particularly meat, fish and poultry contain mainly heme iron.动物性食品,尤其是肉,鱼和禽类中的铁主要是血红素铁,Absorption of non-heme iron is much lower than heme iron.相比血红素铁,非血红素铁的吸收率低得多Plant foods contain mainly non-heme iron.植物性食品主要含非血红素铁,Interactions with other components in foods can reduce non-heme absorption.与食物中其他成分的相互作用会抑制非血红素铁Foods high in fiber such as vegetables and bean的吸收,富含纤维素的食物(比如蔬菜和豆类)or foods rich in tannins such as coffee, tea and chocolate bind iron and prevent it from being absorbed.以及富含单宁酸的食物(像是咖啡,茶和巧克力)会与铁结合,妨碍铁被吸收On the other hand consuming acidic foods such as orange juice with non-heme iron can increase the absorption.而食用橙汁等酸性食品可以增加非血红素铁的吸收So a great way to optimize iron absorption would be to consume orange juice with a fortified breakfast cereal.所以增加铁吸收率的一个好方法是喝橙汁的同时食用强化早餐谷物201603/433028



  For Vanderbilt, this is a great tragedy.对于范德比尔特而言 这是非常令他悲痛万分的He had one son who had that same sense of physical strength and ability,他有一个儿子 同自己具有相同体力和能力and he had died when he was still quite young.但却英年早逝It was deeply troubling for the Commodore.这对;船长;而言异常痛苦For years, Vanderbilt groomed George多年来 范德比尔特一直在培养乔治to take over the family business.以使他能继承家业Now, the Commodore is forced to rely而现在 船长只能on his less accomplished son, William.指望另一个不那么有才华的儿子 威廉Im making you operations director of the Hudson Railroad.我任命你为哈德逊铁路运营总监Vanderbilt places William in the midst of negotiations旁白:范德比尔特让威廉with the owners of a rival railroad.同竞争铁路公司所有者谈判So name your price.告诉我们你的价格If you give us your freight, year round,如果你们给我们全年的运费we will give you the privilege我们给你们of allowing your passengers access into Manhattan让你们的乘客能够进入曼哈顿的特权for two hundred thousand.价格为20万美元That privilege is not worth two hundred thousand.这一特权值不了20万美元Then let us settle on one hundred thousand?那定在10万美元如何I believe that to be a fair and generous offer.我认为这个要价很合理 也很慷慨Im not really interested in your generosity.我对你的慷慨没有兴趣Im only interested in getting the best deal for my shareholders.我只想为我的股东达成最好的交易And that does not include handing over one hundred thousand dollars,这并不包括付给你们10万美元or even one dollar.甚至哪怕1美元My father wants only what he believes is right.我父亲只想要他认为正确的东西The trouble is, your father doesnt know what is right.问题在于 你的父亲并不知道什么是正确的The old man should be put out to pasture.那个老头早该想牛羊一样被扔到草场上放养了The message is clear.信息很明确The competition no longer sees Vanderbilt as a man to fear.对方不再将范德比尔特看作值得害怕的对手People are always rooting for very successful people to fail.人们总在等待成功人士的没落The day people are not taking shots at you means youre not on top anymore.如果别人不再照你的来 你就失去了最高的地位But where they see weakness,对手看到了弱点the Commodore sees an opportunity to assert his dominance,而船长则看到了机会 来维持自己的统治力and teach William what it means to be a Vanderbilt.并教会威廉什么才是范德比尔特家的作风If they want a war,如果他们想要一场战争Ill give them a war.给他们就是了201602/427797You get some idea how dependent we are on oxygen你明白了我们如何依赖氧气when you see how it affects something as basic as human reproduction.你会看到氧气影响一些比如人类繁殖这类基本事情This is the village of Aruya, perched high in the Andes.在阿鲁亚,有一些乡村栖息于安第斯山脉Its one of a string of villages in this area这是这里一连串的山村中的一个that are some of the highest in the world.有些是世界上最高的村庄Many are close to 10,000 feet above sea level.许多乡村海拔超过四千米Andean peoples have lived here for generations.安第斯人民在这些高海拔地区开垦了超过一千年But when the first Spanish colonists arrived,但是当第一批西班牙人到来的时候they faced a problem, they couldnt have children.他们要面对不少切实问题他们没有孩子Baby after baby miscarried.一个接一个孩子都流产了It took almost 50 years花了五十年的时间before any of the immigrant Spanish women gave birth.才有西班牙移民生下小孩The problem may have been a lack of oxygen.问题可能在于空气太稀薄The newly arrived Spanish, like most people,新来的西班牙人,大多数人were used to breathing air at sea level, which is 21% oxygen.过去都在含有百分之二十一氧气的海平面呼吸But up here, the oxygen levels are effectively almost halved.但是在这里,氧气水平几乎只有一半The An deans had adapted to deal with this安第斯人适应了这一切but the Spanish struggled.但是西班牙移民很顽强201509/40099020 years after Franklins experiment,在富兰克林实验之后的二十年Another kind of revolution rocks America.另一项革命震惊了美国An isolated rebellion in a New England lumber yard Will erupt into war.新英格兰木材厂的独立反抗 成了战争爆发的导火索That drive for self-determination,that drive to control their own destiny,民族自决的驱使 自我命运的掌控that drive to control their own economy,overcame all fear.自我经济的独立 这些动力让人们战胜了所有恐惧New hampshire, 1772.Millionaire Ebenezer Mudgett.在1772年的新罕布什尔州 百万富翁埃比尼泽·马杰特 Determined, rebellious.A self-made tycoon.是一个有主见和反叛精神 白手起家的大亨Hes made his fortune From mankinds first and oldest great resource:Wood.他的发家致富是靠人类最早最古老的资源:木材The key to our lives since the dawn of man.从人类诞生之日起 木材就是生存的关键The vast forests that once haunted the dreams曾经让美国居民苦恼万分的Of Americas settlers Are now their greatest source of profit.大片森林 现在成了最大的利润来源950 million acres, over 50 billion trees.九亿五千万英亩土地上有五百多亿棵树And the king of England believes the best belong to him.英国国王认为最好的那些木材归他所有A third of all British ships are built in New England.英国三分之一的船只是在新英格兰制造One war ship uses 6,000 trees,And costs the equivalent of a modern aircraft carrier.一艘战船可用掉六千棵树 其造价等同于现代制造一艘航空母舰的费用You are gonna maintain that kind of maritime trade如果想要维持海上交易and exploration and acquisition of new colonies,探索并夺取新殖民地you better darn well have the resources that allow you to keep that Navy intact.就得整补资源 以保持舰船完整201603/433670

  The best place to see what effect global warming is having on the permafrost在永久冻土上是最好的观察全球变暖影响的地方is the many lakes found in this region.在这一地区有很多湖泊And thats whats brought ecologist Katey Walter to this frozen wasteland.这吸引了生态学家 凯蒂沃尔特 到来She believes shes aly detected the first signs她相信她已经发现了第一个征兆that methane is being released from the permafrost.甲烷已经开始从永久冻土释放Whats happening is that the permafrost is melting and thawing永久冻土正在融化and slumping into the bottoms of the lakes.滑入湖泊的底部Those dead plants thaw out,这些死掉的植物解冻and they ferment at the bottom of the lake在湖底发酵and methane is the by-product. Methane comes out.甲烷同时产生,甲烷从湖里释出If Kateys right, then we should be able to find methane almost everywhere.如果凯蒂是对的,我们应该能发现到处是甲烷Ah, this is the ice. Ive got to the ice.啊,这是冰,我触到了冰Look at that, thats beautiful! Oh, theres bubbles.看那,真是漂亮噢,那是气泡The ice is over three feet thick这冰有一米厚and its full of bubbles trapped inside it.很明显冰里面截留大量的气泡The trouble is it wont stay trapped in these bubbles for long.问题是冰不能截留这些气泡太久When the ice thaws in spring, the gas will escape.当冰在春天融化,气体会逃走201509/401497栏目简介:《造物小百科How it’s made》介绍了许多东西的制作或者说发明方法,非常实用。其中的英语视频发音地道,内容浅显易懂,过程形象生动,是提高英语听力水平,积累英语知识和一些简单生活常识的好素材。201510/392057

  Dont let the day-to-day pressures and hassles of life get to you. Unwind celebrity style.不要让日复一日的压力和生活的烦恼把你打垮。跟明星学习如何缓解压力。You Will Need你需要An outdoor retreat户外静思之处A spa水疗Exercise锻炼Meditation techniques冥想技巧Comfort food安慰食品A bubble bath泡泡浴Your family你的家人Steps步骤STEP 1 Get outdoors1.去户外Escape to the great outdoors. Whenever she feels stressed, Sandra Bullock heads to her ranch in Texas and enjoys the sights and sounds of nature.到伟大的户外大自然中。每当感到压力重重的时候,Sandra Bullock都会前往位于得克萨斯州的牧场,享受大自然的风光和声音。STEP 2 Hit the spa2.进行水疗Spend the day at a spa, a tried-and-true relaxation technique for stars from Martha Stewart to George Clooney.花一天的时间去水疗,这是从Martha Stewart到George Clooney等明星屡试不爽的放松技巧。STEP 3 Exercise3.锻炼Exercise. Jessica Biels works out her stress and builds self-confidence by exercising regularly. Go for walks or hit the gym.锻炼。Jessica Biel经常通过锻炼来排解压力,建立自信。去散步或去健身馆都可以。STEP 4 Meditate and practice yoga4.冥想,练瑜伽Meditate and practice yoga, like Madonna and Sting.像Madonna和Sting那样冥想和练瑜伽。Try a simple meditation technique where you focus on your breathing. Sit in a comfortable position with your back straight, and close your eyes.尝试一个简单的冥想技巧,集中精力注意呼吸。以舒适的姿势背部挺直坐好,闭上眼睛。STEP 5 Cook and eat comfort food5.烹煮和食用安慰食品Try cooking, like Ghost Whisperers Jennifer Love Hewitt does. Or eating comfort foods – hers are cupcakes.像《鬼语者》中的Jennifer Love Hewitt那样尝试烹煮。或者食用安慰食品——她的安慰食品是杯形蛋糕。STEP 6 Soak in the tub6.浴缸中泡澡Take a long hot bath – with lots of bubbles – or soak in a hot tub. Thats what Kristin Chenoweth does to recharge.洗一个长时间的热水浴——加很多泡泡——或者在浴缸中浸泡。Kristin Chenoweth就是用这种方法来给自己充电的。STEP 7 Enjoy family time7.享受家庭时间Spend time with your family, a favorite for Glenn Close, Kyra Sedgwick, and Angie Harmon.花点时间和家人在一起,这是Glenn Close, Kyra Sedgwick和Angie Harmon等明星最喜欢的。Many celebrities have suffered from anxiety, including Naomi Judd and Kim Basinger.许多明星患有焦虑症,包括Naomi Judd和Kim Basinger。视频听力译文由。201503/362897


  Across the Middle East, the first cities rise,在中东土地之上 第一批城市纷纷崛起A revolution in human life.代表着人类进步的一大变革Kanesh, today in modern Turkey.卡内什 现位于土耳其Part of the rise of the city is so farmers can live together,该城市建立的一大原因是为了让农民聚居一起and not just farmers同时除了农民but the people who make the tools for the farmers.其他那些为农民制作工具的人也居住其中The city gives birth to two new keys to human progress:城市为人类的进步提供了两大重要法宝:Trade and industry.那就是贸易和工业And a new kind of man: the entrepreneur.另外还有一个新的群体 那就是企业家Imdi ilum, one of the first traders we know about益姆迪·伊冷是人类历史上In the story of mankind.为人们所知的第一个商人He trades in one of the rarest他以当时一种非常稀有And most valuable materials of his day: tin.也非常珍贵的材料做交易 那就是锡Tin is the key to a new industry.锡是新工业的一大关键Added to copper, it produces bronze.与铜混合后可以制成青铜Strong, sharp,它坚固而又锋利The metal that changes the face of warfare改变了其后两千年For the next 2,000 years.战争的面貌But tin is one of the ancient worlds rarest metals,但锡是古代最稀有的金属之一Found in only a few distant places.只在为数不多的几个遥远的地方才能找到201508/396054


  栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghais English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。201507/385405

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