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With the acquisition of the territory in the far south, Sun Quan obtained a source of notable wealth, and secured his frontiers to the west and the north.孙权据长江以南,远离战争中心,积累了一定的财富。When Liu Bei died in 223, the government in Shu-Han, now controlled by the regent Zhuge Liang, confirmed the arrangement of peace and alliance with Wu.刘备死后,辅臣诸葛亮遵守盟约与吴友好。Cao Cao made several attacks on the line of the Yangtze, but was compelled each time to withdraw.曹操虽向长江流域发动进攻, 但都被迫撤回。In 226 Cao Pi died, and the chief military attention shifted northwest to the frontier against Shu-Han along the Wei River valley (in present-day Shaanxi).曹丕死后(226),战争中心转移到蜀汉和渭河流域(今陕西境内)的西北境内。In this period of tranquility and prosperity, on 23 of June 229, Sun Quan assumed the imperial title for himself.这期间,孙权于公元229年6月23日称帝,南方的吴享受了一段时期的稳定。Sun Quan, also called Zhong Mou, was a fonder of Wu in the southeast. His father Sun Jian, a general in the service of Yuan Shu, was killed in campaign a-gainst Liu Biao and his forces were largely taken over by Yuan Shu.孙权字仲谋,三国吴国的创建者,其父孙坚是效忠袁绍的大将,和刘表作战时被杀,其兵力被袁绍接管。But a few years later, about 194, his son Sun Ce, then aged nineteen, took service with Yuan Shu. He was given command of some of the soldiers who had followed his father, and was sent to be in charge of the defence in south of the Yangtze River.几年后,约在194年,孙坚19岁的儿子孙策跟随袁绍作战,袁绍将孙坚的一些旧部分给孙策用来镇守长江以南。Sun Ce established his position in the southeast essentially through his own remarkable military skill. In 198, at the age of twenty-three, he had declared independence from Yuan Shu, now a usurping emperor, and held control of Danyang, Wu and Guiji commanderies, (a stretch of territory from present-day Nanjing past Hangzhou Bay), including some outposts on the coast of Fujian.孙策以其军事能力很快赢得威望,198年,23岁的孙策脱离已自己称帝的袁绍,占领了丹阳、吴、会稽(今南 京、杭州湾一带)和福建沿海等地,并以此为根据地向西扩张。From this base Sun Ce extended his power westwards, and by 200 he had taken Yuzhang commandery (a-bout the present-day Poyang Lake in Jiangxi). In 200, soon after his conquest of Poyang, Sun Ce was assassinated by former retainers of a defeated local family from Wu.200年,孙策攻占玉章(今江西鄱阳湖)后不久被仇人所杀。Sun Ce was succeeded by his younger brother the eighteen-year-old Sun Quan.其弟孙权,时年18岁,即位。Sun Quan swiftly established his authority in the territory his brother had left him.孙权很快就建立起了自己的威望。By 203 he started to expand further to the west, and early in 208 he destroyed Huang Zhong, the subordinate commander of Liu Biao who controlled the territory about present-day Wuhan on the middle Yangtze River.203年,他开始西征扩张土地,208年,他打败刘表的大将黄忠,取得了现在位于长江中游地段的武汉等地。By the time of the Red Cliffs campaign, however, the state of Sun Quan was strong enough to hold off a direct attack from Cao Cao in the north.赤壁之战时,孙权已有能力抵御来自北方曹操的进犯。With the help of Zhou Yu, Sun Quan allied with Liu Bei to defeat Cao Cao in Red Cliffs Campaign in 208, which secured his position as a kingdom in south to struggle with Cao Cao in the north and Liu Bei in the west.孙权在一代名将周瑜的辅佐下,领导东吴在赤壁战胜曹操,使天下成三国鼎立之势,北拒曹操,西抗刘备。The consideration of survival gave urgency to the expansion into Jing province, culminating in the destruction of Guan Yu in 219 and the successful defence against Liu Bei*s attack in 222. At the same time, the government of Wu extended its influence into the far south.为了不坐以待毙,孙权于219年向荆州进攻,打败关羽,又成功地抵御了刘备222年的进攻,同时吴的疆域扩展到了更远的南方。In 210, after the death of Liu Biao and the defeat of Cao Cao at the Red Cliffs, Sun Quan appointed his officer Bu Zhi as governor to Panyu, present-day Guangzhou. Bu Zhi established relations with Shi Xie, and Shi Xie agreed to be subject and send tribute to Sun Quan.在210年刘表死后和赤壁之战之后,孙权派官员簿直到番禺(今广东)任太守,簿直与南方的石碣建立联系,石碣向吴国称臣赋税。Sun Quan did attempt to expand his empire beyond his immediate territory. He received emissaries from Fujian and other countries of the south, re-established a Chinese presence on Hainan island, and sent an expedition to Taiwan island.此外,他还向本土以外扩展,他接受来自福建和其他南部地区的遣使,重建了大陆对海南的控制,还加强了与台湾诸岛的联系。During this period, the expansion of authority in the southeast was remarkable. By 280, within the territory of Wu, from the south of the Yangtze River to the north of Vietnam, the number of counties had doubled since the time of the Later Han.在这一时期,吴在东南部的发展还是卓有成效的,到280年,吴的领地已从长江以南扩大到越南以北,是汉末时期的两倍。The frontier had been transformed, and there were newly claimed settlements in present-day southern area of Zhejiang, Jiangxi and Fujian.边疆也有变化,领土包括新归顺的浙江以南、江西和福建。After the reign of more than fifty years, Sun Quan died in 262 and there were successive wars on the securing of throne.在位50年之后,孙权于262年驾崩,其后人进行了一系列的王位争夺战。The reign of Sun Xiu was not particularly effective, and his death in 264 came just at the time the state of Shu-Han surrendered to Wei.264年吴皇帝孙秀死时,蜀汉已降魏。In that period of emergency, Sun Hao, son of the former Heir Apparent Sun He aged in his early twenties, was chosen as an adult ruler who might restore the fortunes and energies of the state.前太子孙和之子孙皓年已二十有几,即位,但他也无力挽回灭亡的命运。He achieved, however, only limited success.魏灭蜀之后,蜀吴联盟不攻自破,吴国完全处于魏的包围之中。In 265 Sima Yan, son of Sima Zhao, deposed Wei Emperor Cao Huan , claimed himself as emperor, settled Luoyang as capital which was referred as Jin Dynasty in Chinese history.公元265年,司马昭之子司马炎废魏帝曹奂,改国号为晋,定都洛阳,这就是历史上的西晋王朝,司马炎时为晋武帝。In 280 Sun Hao was compelled to surrender to the Jin of the Sima family, hence a short unification of the whole country arrived.公元280年,晋军攻克建业,孙皓面缚请降,至此西晋统一全国。 /201512/415722In a very candid interview, Princes William and Harry opened up about what they#39;ve learned from their father, but also made very personal revelations about their family, fatherhood and the friendship the two brothers share.在近日的一次采访中,威廉和哈里王子敞开心扉,畅谈父亲对他们的影响,两人同时还透露了王室家庭的一些生活细节,谈到了为父心得以及两兄弟情谊。The princes sat down at Kensington Palace for the a documentary celebrating 40 years of Prince Charles#39; charity The Prince#39;s Trust.两位王子在肯辛顿宫接受采访,录制庆祝查尔斯王储的“王储信托”慈善基金成立40周年纪录片。Prince William, 33, spoke movingly about how fatherhood has changed his life.33岁的威廉王子动情地表示,为人父改变了他的生活。;I#39;m a lot more emotional than I used to be, weirdly. I never used to get too wound up or worried about things,; he said, as he discussed how his children Prince George and Princess Charlotte have affected him.在谈及乔治小王子和夏洛特小公主对自己的影响时,他说道:“挺神奇的,我变得比过去更多愁善感了。过去,我从来不会因为什么事而过度兴奋或担心。”The death of Prince William’s mother Princess Diana when he was just 15 seemed to weigh heavily on his mind as he told the presenters that as a parent he has realized how ;precious life is.;威廉王子的母亲戴安娜王妃在他15岁时去世,此事似乎一直让他难以释怀。他告诉主持人,作为一名父亲,他已经意识到“生命有多么宝贵”。;But now the smallest little things, you well up a little more, you get affected by the sort of things that happen around the world or whatever a lot more, I think, as a father,; William said.威廉说:“现在,即使是最微小的事物,也会比以往更加触动你的心弦。你开始为世界上发生的很多事所触动。或者说,你开始从一位父亲的角度进行思考。”;Just because you realize how precious life is and it puts it all in perspective, the idea of not being around to see your children grow up and stuff like that,; he said.他还说:“正是因为你认识到生命的宝贵,它使你能够正确看待一些事物,比如担心不能看着孩子长大之类的问题。”William and Harry grew up with Charles and Diana in Kensington Palace and now both make their homes as neighbors. Harry, 31, clearly relishes his role as uncle to Prince George and his baby sister Princess Charlotte, describing their home as a ;giant playground; for his nephew and niece.威廉和哈里随查尔斯王储和戴安娜王妃在肯辛顿宫长大,现在两位王子住所相邻。作为乔治小王子与夏洛特小公主的叔叔,31岁的哈里王子显然十分享受这一角色。哈里称他们的房子是侄子和侄女的“大型游乐场”。;I can hear the wheels of those plastic tractors Prince George loves playing on,; he said.哈里表示:“小乔治喜欢玩塑料拖拉机,一听到轮子滚动的声音我就知道他来了。”William teased his younger brother, saying, ;He comes and scrounges food,; showing that even though he has his own family now, Harry is still a big part of their life.威廉王子挪揄弟弟说:“他(哈里)常过来蹭吃蹭喝。”可见虽然威廉有了自己的家庭,但哈里仍旧是他的家庭的重要一份子。”The documentary was shot over the last year with British presenters Anthony McPartlin and Declan Donnelly, better known as Ant and Dec.该纪录片摄于去年,主持人是英国人安东尼·麦克帕特林和德克兰·当纳利。人们常称这对搭档为安特和戴克。 /201601/421539People in Beijing posted pictures of the Great Wall on social media to help Dorian Murray, an 8-year-old cancer patient in the US, realize his dream of becoming famous in China.北京的网友近日纷纷在社交媒体上传长城的照片,帮助美国8岁的癌症患者多里安·默里实现在中国成为名人的梦想。In response to a Facebook post Murray#39;s father wrote on Monday, many people shared photos of themselves standing on the Great Wall holding signs that ;#D-STRONG.; 许多人分享了自己站在长城上举着写有#D-STRONG(意指多里安坚强)的标语的照片,响应多里安的爸爸11日在脸书上发布的帖子。Murray was diagnosed with rhabdomyosarcoma, a form of pediatric cancer, when he was 4 years old. He went into remission in 2013 but later relapsed. Cancerous cells were found in his spinal fluid in December, and his family made the decision to stop treatment after January 1, news site china.com.cn reported on Wednesday.在默里四岁的时候,他被诊断出患有一种名叫横纹肌肉瘤的儿童癌症。2013年病情一度缓解,但之后再度复发。据中国网周三报道,去年12月,医生发现癌细胞已经扩散到他的脊髓液,在1月1日之后,他的家人已决定停止治疗。The boy#39;s story aroused attention in China when his father posted a conversation with his son on his Facebook page. According to the post, the boy said, ;Hey dad, you know what I really want before I go to heaven? I would like to be famous in China … because they have the bridge,; referring to the Great Wall.当这名男孩儿的父亲将他与儿子的对话上传到脸书主页上之后,这名男孩儿的故事迅速引起了中国网友的注意。帖子的内容是,这个小男孩说道:;爸爸,你知道我上天堂前最希望干什么吗?我想在中国成为名人……因为他们有那座桥(指长城);。This post had been shared over 3,600 times as of press time. By Wednesday, over 1,295 people from all around the world had posted their pictures holding #D-STRONG signs to support Dorian.截至记者发稿时,这一帖子已经被转发超过3600次。本周三,来自世界各地的超过1295人发布了自己带有#D-STRONG标语的照片,以此来持多里安。Many people have also used Chinese social media platform Sina Weibo to reach out to those planning to visit the Great Wall, asking them to take a #D-STRONG picture.此外,许多人也使用中国的社交平台--新浪微来呼吁那些打算前往参观长城的人们,照一张举有#D-STRONG标语的照片。 /201601/422390

A British woman has baked the world#39;s most expensive cake which has so many precious gems it is worth 48.5 million。英国一女子烤出了世界上最贵的蛋糕,价值4850万英镑,因为蛋糕上有许多贵重的宝石。It is made up of some 4000 rare stones including a 5.2 carat pink diamond a 6.4 yellow diamond。蛋糕上有4000颗稀世宝石,其中包括了一颗5.2克拉的粉色钻石和一颗6.4克拉的黄色钻石。In total the massive cake weighs some 70 stone - the same as a fully grown grizzly bear。这个巨型蛋糕重70英石,跟一只成年灰熊一样重。 Miss Wingham was commissioned to make the cake by a wealthy client in the UAE, whose name has not been revealed。威汉是受一阿拉伯富豪所托制作这个蛋糕的,这个富豪的名字没有被公开。The cake itself is not even the focus of the project; instead it is to showcase the stones that will be given to the client#39;s daughter to mark her birthday and her engagement。该计划的重点其实不是蛋糕本身,而是陈列其上的宝石。这些宝石是客户送给他女儿的礼物,用来庆祝她的生日和订婚。The front row, which includes Miss Wintour, all have edible designer handbags and are carrying smartphones and tablets。坐在第一排的人,包括温图尔,都带着可以吃的名牌手提包,手上也都拿着智能手机和平板电脑。 In total there are 15 five carat white diamonds, 76 two carat black diamonds and 62 two carat white diamonds。蛋糕上总共有15颗5克拉的白钻石、76颗2克拉的黑钻石和62颗2克拉的白钻石。The runway is adorned with 400 one carat diamonds, 75 three carat white diamonds and 75 three carat black diamonds。走道上装饰有400颗1克拉的钻石、75颗3克拉的白钻石和75颗3克拉的黑钻石。Every piece of the cake was hand sculpted by Miss Wingham who put in the equivalent of 45 days pulling it together from conception to completion。蛋糕的每一部分都是由威汉手工雕制的,她从构思到完成制作足足花了45天。 /201509/399355

Up until about two years ago, I used to have a big problem with energy. I had intense mood swings caused by intense fatigue and the sluggishness KILLED me. Then came the day where I just lost it.. I just could not live like that anymore! I searched and searched for answers. Finally I found some. Below is the top 10 solutions I have found. I know they are simple, but guess what? Simple works! Enjoy!过去的我深受精力不足的困扰,这种情况一直持续到两年前。那时,由于感到疲惫不堪,我的情绪波动很大,喜怒无常。那种懈怠感几乎要了我的命,后来我甚至到了情绪失控的地步。我真的不能再那样生活下去了!于是我四处搜寻,好不容易才寻到解决之法。下面是我找到的10个方法,很简单。但是呢?它们既简单又有效!快来看看吧!10.Improve Yourself10.改善自身的精神状况People usually understand that diet and fitness play a big role in energy levels but they never look at the mental aspect. Mental IS just as important and diet and fitness. Live a happy life.人们通常明白饮食和锻炼对于保持精力至关重要,但是他们一直忽视了精神的作用。精神与运动和饮食处于同等地位。所以用一种快乐的心态对待生活吧。9.Exercise9.运动Another great tip to get the blood flowing. Be sure that your excising aerobically (with oxygen) though. A simple way to test this is to check if you can breathe through your nose with comfort. If not your wasting energy.运动是促使血液循环的另一妙法。不过你要做的是有氧运动。对此有一个简单的测试方法:看看在运动时,你是不是可以用鼻子顺畅的进行呼吸。如果不能的话,那你只是在浪费精力。8.Talk8.与人交谈Being social greatly reduces tiredness. When your chatting with someone you have a great connection with you can look at the clock and hours will have flown by like minutes.参与社交活动有助于减轻疲劳。与一个要好的朋友交谈时,你可以看下时钟,会发现时光如梭。7.Meditate7.冥想Meditation, over time can free up a lot of mental RAM. Try, 20 minutes a day for a month. You will be shocked by the results. You have thousands upon thousands of unnecessary thoughts clogging you up.冥想一段时间可以帮助你放空精神。试一试每天冥想20分钟,坚持一个月。结果会让你大吃一惊的。要知道,你的大脑只是被太多太多无用的想法滞住了。6.Love what you do6.爱你所做Trust me there is no greater energy drainer then settling for okay. Quit what you don#39;t love anymore.要相信,安于现状是保持活力的最大敌人。如果你不喜欢干一件事,那就直接放弃。5.Do something adventurous5.去冒险吧No wonder you have no energy! Your just bored out of your mind. Try new things, gain new experiences, and have a good time!难怪你这么没精力!你就是太无聊啦!尝试一些新鲜事物,获得不同的体验,好好享受吧!4.Take a walk outside4.出门散步Sometimes we get mentally drained and that, in return, drains us of all our precious energy. A walk outside is a quick refreshing solution to both of those problems.有时候我们一旦感到精神不振,精力也随之蒸发光光。而出门散散步可以快速让你迅速振奋精神,充满活力。3.Move!3.多动动More specifically move a few minutes every hour. This stops your blood from pooling in your muscles and draining you. We need that blood flowing!每小时用个几分钟活动一下身体的某个部位。这样做会阻止血液大量流入肌肉组织,你就不会感到疲惫。我们要让血液流动起来!2.Eat smaller more frequent meals2.少食多餐We all heard this one before but do you do it? Now is the time to start! This keeps all the blood in your body from going to your stomach, instead of your vital organs and brain.我们都听过这种方法,然而有几人付诸实践呢?现在正是时候试一下啦!少食多餐有助于阻止身体中的血液全部涌入腹部,从而促进大脑和重要器官的血液补充。1.Eat more veggies1.多吃蔬菜Ewwwww veggies! Let#39;s face it, they may not taste the best but they are absolutely essential for gaining the energy you need. Luckily, I found some yummy ways to get them in your diet! Drink a green smoothie! These are great tasting and great for your health! A yummy recipe is water, banana, strawberry, and spinach. You can start off with just a small amount of spinach and work your way up. You might want to add some kale too. Eat them cooked. Cooking slightly reduces the bitter taste. Over time you will want to cook them less and less and eventually go raw since its healthier that way.蔬菜实在太太太难吃了!可是面对现实吧,蔬菜或许难吃却绝对是你获取能量的必需品。幸好,我发现了一些妙法让它们吃起来更美味!喝一杯加了蔬菜的水果浓饮料。这样一来既美味又健康!一个比较好的食谱是:水,香蕉,草莓和芹菜。刚开始可以只加一点点芹菜,然后逐量增加。你要是想加一些甘蓝也可以。将蔬菜烹调一下再食用。只需简单烹调,蔬菜就不会那么难以下咽了。慢慢地,你就不再会想要将蔬菜或蒸或煮,而是直接选择生吃,因为这样做更健康。翻译:晴晴晴天 审校:烟囱 编辑:旭旭 来源:前十网 /201601/424542

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