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重庆市第一人民医院妇科医生在线咨询搜搜爱问

2018年01月19日 03:33:40|来源:国际在线|编辑:雅虎视频
Have you ever heard people criticizing your choices in having caffeinated drinks like tea and coffee? Though over-indulging in anything will have negative consequences, having an extra cup of black tea might not be as bad as you might have imagined.你选择像茶和咖啡这样含有咖啡因的饮料时,别人有没有批评过你?虽然过度沉迷于任何东西都会有负作用, 但多喝杯红茶可能没有你想象中的那么糟。Personally I love my perfect cup of tea. It’s how I like to begin my day—not to help me wake up, but rather I like to enjoy a tasteful cup of bliss first thing in the morning. When it comes to herbal, green or black tea, different things suit different people and a doctor’s recommendation should never be overlooked, but for most of us, indulging in a cup or two of black tea might in fact be a healthy life choice, as some studies have shown.就个人而言,我喜欢一杯完美的茶。我喜欢这样开始我的一天——喝茶不是为了清醒,而是因为我喜欢早晨做的第一件事就是品味那一杯的幸福。 到底是喝草药茶、绿茶还是红茶好呢?其实不同的茶适合不同的人, 而且绝不能忽视医生的建议。有研究表明,对于大部分人而言, 喝上一杯或两杯红茶实际上是种健康的生活选择。Both green and black tea are made from a shrub called Camellia Sinesis, but with different processing methods. In addition to the leaves being withered, rolled and heated, black tea leaves are fermented before the final heating process.绿茶和红茶都是用灌木茶树的叶子做成的, 只不过它们的加工方法不同。红茶除了要萎凋、揉切、加热外,在最后一道加热工序前还需要进行发酵。Below are 11 health benefits of having a cup or two of black tea on a regular basis, though it should be noted that it is recommended that black tea should be consumed without any additives like milk or sugar to truly harness its benefits.下面是经常喝一两杯红茶的十一种益处。不过,要注意的是,喝红茶时最好不要添加像牛奶或糖之类的物质,只有这样它才能充分发挥出自己的益处。1. Oral Health口腔卫生Studies funded by the Tea Trade Health Research Association suggests that black tea reduces plaque formation as well as restricts bacteria growth that promotes the formation of cavities and tooth decays. Polyphenols found in black tea kill and surpass cavity-causing bacteria as well as hinder the growth of bacterial enzymes that form the sticky-like material that binds plaque to our teeth.由茶叶贸易健康研究协会资助的研究表明,红茶能够减少牙菌斑的形成,并能抑制促进龋齿和蛀牙形成的细菌生长。红茶中的多酚类物质能够消灭并抑制导致蛀牙的细菌,并能阻止细菌酶的生长。细菌酶会形成一种粘状物,使我们的牙齿上有牙菌斑。2. A Better Heart心脏更健康As identified by Arab L. et al. in their 2009 research paper called “ Green and black tea consumption and risk of stroke: a meta-analysis”, it is seen that regardless of people’s country of origin, individuals who consume 3 or more cups of tea had a 21% lower risk of a stroke than people who consume less than 1 cup of green or black tea per day.Arab L.等人在2009年的一篇名为《饮用绿茶和红茶及中风的风险:整合分析》的研究论文中指出,无论是哪个国家的人,每天喝三杯或三杯以上绿茶或红茶的人,和喝少于一杯茶的人相比,中风几率减少21%。3. Antioxidants抗氧化剂Black tea contains polyphenols, which are also antioxidants that help block DNA damage associated with tobacco or other toxic chemicals. These antioxidants are different from those obtained from fruits and vegetables and therefore as a regular part of our diet they can provide additional benefits towards a healthy lifestyle.红茶中含有茶多酚,茶多酚也是抗氧化剂,能够阻止烟草或其他有毒化学物质所造成的DNA损伤。这些抗氧化剂和水果、蔬菜中的抗氧化剂不同,因此作为日常饮食的一部分,它们可以提供额外的益处,让我们的生活方式更加健康。4. Cancer Prevention预防癌症Though a lot more research is required to confidently suggest cancer prevention techniques, some research over the years suggests that antioxidants like polyphenol and catechins in tea may help prevent some types of cancer. It has been suggested that women who drink black tea regularly have a lower chance of ovarian cancer than their counterparts.虽然要想明确地提出预防癌症的技术还需要更多的研究,但最近几年的研究表明,茶叶中包含的茶多酚和儿茶素这样的抗氧化剂有助于预防某些类型的癌症。有研究表明,经常喝红茶的女性比其他女性得卵巢癌的几率要低。5. Healthy Bones健康的骨骼It has also been suggested that regular tea drinkers have stronger bones and lower probability of developing arthritis due to the phytochemicals found in tea.也有研究表明,经常喝茶的人有更强壮的骨骼,得关节炎的几率也较低,这归功于茶里面的植物化学物质。6. Lower Risk of Diabetes降低糖尿病的风险Based on a research study conducted of elderly people living in the Mediterranean islands it was discovered that people that had been consuming black tea on a long-term basis on a moderate level (i.e 1-2 cups a day) had a 70% lower chance of having or developing type 2 diabetes.对生活在地中海岛上老人的一项研究发现, 长期适度喝红茶(一天1-2杯)的人发展成2型糖尿病的几率会降低70%。7. Stress Relief减轻压力We all are aware and well experienced about the calming and relaxing benefits of black tea. Not only does it help slow you down after a long day, studies show that the amino acid L-theanine found in black tea can help you relax and concentrate better. Black tea has also been shown to reduce levels of the stress hormone cortisol when consumed in moderate amounts on a regular basis.我们都知道,也都感受过红茶镇静和放松的效果。研究表明,在度过了漫长的一天后,红茶不仅能帮助你休息,红茶中的氨基酸L-茶氨酸还可以有助于你放松,并能让你更好地集中精力。研究也已明,定期适量饮用红茶可以减少应激激素皮质醇的水平。8. Better Immune System更好的免疫系统Black tea contains alkylamine antigens that help boost our immune response. In addition it also contains tannins that have the ability to fight viruses and hence keep us protected from influenza, stomach flu and other such commonly found viruses in our everyday lives.红茶中含有烷基胺抗原,能够有助于提升免疫反应。此外,它还含有单宁酸,具有抗病毒的能力,能保护我们远离流感、肠胃炎和其他日常生活中经常发现的病毒。9. Healthy Digestive Tract健康消化食道In addition to improving your immune system, tannins also have a therapeutic effect on gastric and intestinal illnesses and also help decrease digestive activity.除了能改善我们的免疫系统之外,单宁酸对胃和肠道疾病也有一定的治疗作用,并能有助于减低消化活动。10. Increased Energy增加能量Unlike other drinks that have a relatively higher caffeine content, the low amounts found in tea can help enhance blood flow to the brain without over-stimulating the heart. It also stimulates the metabolism and respiratory system, as well as the heart and the kidneys.和咖啡因含量相对较高的饮料不同, 茶叶中咖啡因的含量较低,有助于增强血液流向大脑,同时不会过度刺激心脏。它也能刺激新陈代谢和呼吸系统,以及心脏和肾。11. Happiness Factor幸福因素If a perfect cup of tea makes you smile and lets your heart indulge a little, then what could possibly be the harm?如果一杯完美的茶能让你微笑,让你的心稍微放松一下,那还有什么坏处呢? /201306/244696

Should you charge friends for advice?帮朋友忙要不要收钱Are you the divorce attorney everyone calls with their marital woes? The accountant who finds that the dinner conversation inevitably turns to whether or not your friend#39;s new iPad or trip to Bermuda is tax-deductible? Maybe you#39;re the techie whose friends and parents#39; friends call repeatedly with questions about uploading photos to the cloud or sharing s online.身为离婚律师,是不是每个人都给你打电话咨询他们的婚姻危机?身为会计师,你是不是发现晚餐的谈话不可避免地转向你朋友的新款iPad平板电脑或百慕大之旅可以免税的话题?又或许,你是位技术专家,你的朋友和父母的朋友会反复打电话,询问如何上传照片到云盘或者分享在线视频?It#39;s great to be an expert in your field, and it#39;s flattering to be asked for your opinion or advice, but sometimes people cross the limits of personal and work-life boundaries. Just because Jonas Salk gave away the polio vaccine for free and Craig Newmark refuses to charge for Craigslist, you don#39;t have to be a philanthropist too. As altruistic as you may be, you don#39;t have to provide unlimited counsel to friends and family around the clock. You should be helpful when you can, but you are entitled to put meaningful limits on the pro bono advice you dish out regularly.成为你所在领域的专家感觉不错,别人征求你的意见或建议也让你颇为得意,不过有时候人们越过了个人交往和工作与生活平衡的界限。不能因为乔纳斯#8226;索尔克免费提供脊髓灰质炎疫苗,克雷格#8226;纽马克拒绝对Craigslist网站收费,你也必须当个慈善家。你也许大公无私,但是不必全天候为朋友或家人提供无穷无尽的建议。你应该在你力所能及的时候提供帮助,但是你有权为你日常提供的无偿建议加上有益的限制。When you find yourself in situations that push the envelope, determine the amount of ;free; time/energy you#39;re willing to dedicate to a friend#39;s issue and then give of yourself graciously within that time allotment. Next, give your friend or family member options of how you might continue to be helpful after their initial free pass.当你发现自己的处境超越极限的时候,那么你要在愿意致力于解决朋友的问题方面,限定“免费”的时间或精力范围,然后在时间允许的情况下慷慨地帮助对方。接下来告诉你的朋友或家人,他们在最初的免费范围以外,还可以选择哪些方式继续获得你的帮助。Friends help friends. When someone near and dear to you comes with a question, issue, or problem, be generous and share your talents or expertise freely. Agreeing to spend an hour setting up someone#39;s email, 30 minutes reviewing a resume, or an afternoon brainstorming business ideas is well within the bounds of friendly advice and familial give and take. Spending a week setting up a website, troubleshooting tech issues endlessly, or drafting, writing, and reviewing an application to law school is crossing the line.朋友总是相互帮助。如果有个非常亲密的人向你咨询某个问题或事项,你要尽量慷慨大方,免费分享你的才华和专业知识。比如,你愿意用一个小时处理某人的电子邮件,用30分钟查看一份简历,花一个下午的时间集体讨论经营理念,这些做法都在提供友好建议以及为家庭做出奉献与回报的范围内。用一个星期的时间建立一家网站,无休止地解答疑难的高科技问题,或者起草、撰写和审核一份法学院申请信,这些做法就越过了界限。Think about the amount of time or energy that fits into your schedule without undue personal sacrifice and the amount of time necessary to provide real value to the other person. As a career expert, I#39;m happy to give an hour of my time to prepare for a friend#39;s performance review, script out asking for a raise or talk through a difficult conversation with the boss. I won#39;t, however, coach you regularly or talk to your employees for free.想想你要付出多少时间和精力,既适合你的日程安排,又不用做出过分的个人牺牲,确定向他人提供真正价值所需要的时间。作为一名职业咨询专家,我很高兴抽出一个小时的时间准备朋友的业绩评估,撰写要求加薪的腹稿,详细讨论与老板的沟通不畅问题。但是,我不会定期指导你,也不会免费和你的员工交流。Just as a houseguest eventually overstays his welcome, so too do people overburden you by assuming you#39;ll continue your role as adviser, counselor, therapist, problem solver, or life coach, indefinitely. After sharing your initial thoughts or giving some meaningful advice for free, it#39;s entirely acceptable to change the dynamic.久住难为人。客人待得太久,难免遭人厌烦。人们认为你会无限期地继续扮演顾问、咨询师、治疗师、问题解决达人或生活教练的角色,最终将给你带来过于沉重的负担。分享你最初的想法、无偿提供一些有益的建议之后,改变这种状态是完全合情合理。If the advice you#39;re providing is directly related to your profession or your side hustle, then be upfront and acknowledge you#39;ll need to put together an agreement to make sure you#39;re compensated for your time and energy going forward. If the advice relates simply to a natural talent or hobby but not how you earn your keep, you#39;re still entitled to be compensated.如果你提供的建议直接关系到你的专业或者你的副业,那就坦白直言,承认你需要达成一项协议,确保你付出的时间和精力能够获得报酬。如果这些建议只是涉及你的天赋或爱好,但是并不是你的谋生之道,你也仍然有权得到补偿。Once you#39;ve established your inability to provide bottomless advice for free, you can then soften the blow. State that you#39;re willing to stay involved on a more casual level for free and serve as a background adviser. This shows you to be generous and genuine in wanting to help while at the same time protecting your professional integrity. It also gives your friend a way to save face if they never had any intention of paying you in the first place.一旦向人明确,你不能毫无限制地免费提供意见,你就可以减轻对别人的伤害。你可以表态,愿意继续以更轻松自在的方式提供免费意见,担任后备顾问的角色。一方面,这样做显示了你的慷慨大度,真心诚意地愿意帮助别人,另一方面也维护了你的职业操守。如果朋友们从来没有想过向你付钱的话,这种方式还让你的朋友保全了面子。Offering over-the-shoulder advice after the more formal ;you-should-pay-me; route communicates that there#39;s a difference between pinging you occasionally with questions and taxing you regularly with real or meaningful work that you should be compensated for.“你应该付钱给我。”经过这样的交流,以后再蜻蜓点水地继续提供建议,这样就可以传达出一个信息:偶尔麻烦你解决问题和经常让你从事原本应该得到报酬的真正或有意义的工作,两者之间是有区别的。Lastly, go ahead and recommend others who might help your friend#39;s cause. This demonstrates that you#39;re not trying to profiteer here -- you genuinely have your buddy#39;s best interest at heart. Perhaps working together formally is just too awkward or uncomfortable, perhaps you don#39;t have the time or capacity no matter the financial arrangement, or perhaps you#39;re really not the best person for the job. Whatever the case, you probably know someone who can help.最后,推荐其他可能对你朋友的事业有所帮助的人。这表明你并不想借此牟取暴利——你真诚地关心好友的核心利益。也许只是因为双方正式的合作会觉得太尴尬,或者让人感到不舒,也许你单纯只是因为没有时间或者能力解决问题,跟钱没有关系,又也许你并不是做这份工作的最好人选。无论是哪种情况,你都可能认识某个能够帮上忙的人。You owe it to yourself to not undermine the value of your time. While you#39;re happy to give and share advice when appropriate, you#39;re not in the business of being taken for a ride. Have enough self-respect and confidence to value your time and energy appropriately and help out when you can. But don#39;t feel forced to do Aunt Edna#39;s taxes year after year, write Johnny college essays, or give legal advice for free.你要努力不贬低自己的时间价值。尽管你很高兴在适当的时候做出贡献和分享建议,但是你并不愿意白白被别人利用。你有足够的自尊和信心,合理地珍惜你的时间和精力,在你力所能及的时候提供帮助。但是不要觉得自己被迫年复一年地为艾德娜阿姨报税,为约翰尼写大学论文,或者免费提供法律意见。 /201304/233517

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