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2018年03月18日 17:53:01来源:兰州晨报


  • As long as we have had prisons, we have had prison escapes. This is a list of the 10 most daring and amazing escapes from prison in history. This adds to our collection of crime related lists, such as tips for escaping the cops, tips for committing the perfect crime, and prison survival tips.10. Maze Prison EscapeIn the biggest prison escape in British history, on 25 September 1983 in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, 38 Irish Republican Army (IRA) prisoners, who had been convicted of offenses including murder and causing explosions, escaped from H-Block 7 (H7) of the prison. One prison officer died of a heart attack as a result of the escape and twenty others were injured, including two who were shot with guns that had been smuggled into the prison. HM Prison Maze was considered one of the most escape-proof prisons in Europe. In addition to 15-foot fences, each H-Block was encompassed by an 18-foot concrete wall topped with barbed wire, and all gates on the complex were made of solid steel and electronically operated. Shortly after 2:30, the prisoners took control of the H-block holding the prison guards hostage at gunpoint. Some of the prisoners took the guards clothing and car keys in order to help with their escape. At 3:25, a truck bringing food supplies arrived and the prisoners told the driver that he was going to help them escape. They tied his foot to the clutch and told him where to drive. At 3:50 the truck left the H-block, and soon after the prison, carrying all 38 men. Over the next few days, 19 escapees were caught. The remaining escapees were assisted by the IRA in finding hiding places. Some of the group ended up in the USA but were later found and extradited. Due to politics in Northern Ireland, none of the remaining escapees are being actively sought and some have been given amnesties. Note the wires strung across the yard in the picture above - this is to prevent helicopters from landing due to another escape attempt at Maze Prison.9. Alfred Hinds“Alfie” Hinds was a British criminal and escape artist who, while serving a 12 year prison sentence for robbery, successfully broke out of three high security prisons. Despite the dismissal of thirteen of his appeals to higher courts, he was eventually able to gain a pardon using his knowledge of the British legal system. After being sentenced to 12 years in prison for a jewelry robbery, Hinds escaped from Nottingham prison by sneaking through the locked doors and over a 20-foot prison wall for which he became known in the press as “Houdini” Hinds. After 6 months he was found and arrested. After his arrest, Hinds brought a lawsuit against authorities charging the prison commissioners with illegal arrest and successfully used the incident as a means to plan his next escape by having a padlock smuggled in to him while at the Law Courts. Two guards escorted him to the toilet, but when they removed his handcuffs Alfie bundled the men into the cubicle and snapped the padlock onto screw eyes that his accomplices had earlier fixed to the door. He escaped into the crowd on Fleet Street but was captured at an airport five hours later. Hinds would make his third escape from Chelmsford Prison less than a year later. While eluding Scotland Yard, Hinds continued to plead his innocence sending memorandums to British MPs and granting interviews and taped recordings to the press. He would continue to appeal his arrest and, following a technicality in which prison escapes are not listed as misdemeanors within British law, his final appeal before the House of Lords in 1960 was denied after a three hour argument by Hinds before his return to serve 6 years in Parkhurst Prison. Pictured above is Nottingham Prison - the first prison that Hinds escaped from.8. The Texas SevenThe Texas 7 was a group of prisoners who escaped from the John Connally near Kenedy, Texas on December 13, 2000. They were apprehended January 21-23, 2001 as a direct result of the television show America’s Most Wanted. On December 13, 2000, the seven carried out an elaborate scheme and escaped from the John B. Connally , a maximum-security state prison near the South Texas town of Kenedy. Using several well-planned ploys, the seven convicts overpowered and restrained nine civilian maintenance supervisors, four correctional officers and three uninvolved inmates at approximately 11:20 a.m. The escape occurred during the slowest period of the day when there would be less surveillance of certain locations like the maintenance area — during lunch and at count time. Most of these plans involved one of the offenders calling someone over, while another hit the unsuspecting person on the head from behind. Once the victim was subdued, the offenders would remove some of his clothing, tie him up, gag him and place him in an electrical room behind a locked door. Eleven prison workers and three uninvolved inmates were bound and gagged. The attackers stole clothing, credit cards, and identification from their victims. The group also impersonated prison officers on the phone and created false stories to ward off suspicion from authorities. They eventually made their way to the prison maintenance pickup-truck which they used to escape from the prison grounds. The remaining 5 living members of the group are all on death row awaiting death by lethal injection. Of the other two, one committed suicide and one has aly been executed.7. Alfréd WetzlerWetzler was a Slovak Jew, and one of a very small number of Jews known to have escaped from the Auschwitz death camp during the Holocaust. Wetzler is known for the report that he and his fellow escapee, Rudolf Vrba, compiled about the inner workings of the Auschwitz camp - a ground plan of the camp, construction details of the gas chambers, crematoriums and, most convincingly, a label from a canister of Zyklon gas. The 32-page Vrba-Wetzler report, as it became known, was the first detailed report about Auschwitz to reach the West that the Allies regarded as credible. The evidence eventually led to the bombing of several government buildings in Hungary, killing Nazi officials who were instrumental in the railway deportations of Jews to Auschwitz. The deportations halted, saving up to 120,000 Hungarian Jews. Wetzler escaped with a fellow Jew named Rudolf Vrba. With the help of the camp underground, at 2 p.m. on Friday, April 7, 1944 — the eve of Passover — the two men climbed inside a hollowed-out hiding place in a wood pile that was being stored to build the “Mexico” section for the new arrivals. It was outside Birkenau’s barbed-wire inner perimeter, but inside an external perimeter the guards kept erected during the day. The other prisoners placed boards around the hollowed-out area to hide the men, then sprinkled the area with pungent Russian tobacco soaked in gasoline to fool the guards’ dogs. The two remained in hiding for 4 nights - to avoid recapture. On April 10, wearing Dutch suits, overcoats, and boots they had taken from the camp, they made their way south, walking parallel to the So#322;a river, heading for the Polish border with Slovakia 80 miles (133 km.) away, guiding themselves using a page from a child’s atlas that Vrba had found in the warehouse. You can their report on Auschwitz here. [Wikipedia] /200810/51292
  • New Year In US New Year in ed States is celebrated on January 1, the first day of Gregorian Calendar. This is a Federal holiday in US. On this day, many people make resolutions to give away bad deeds and renew life with good ones. It's the time to remember the achievements and make merry for the New Year. New Year is expected to bring good luck and charm for people and this is the reason why Americans love to celebrate it with fun and enjoyment. 美国新年美国新年是阳历1月1日,这是美国一个法定假日。这也是美国人辞旧迎新的日子,人们会在这一天祈福。 /201001/94007
  • Last week, I sent an e-mail to a friend who had just lost his job. “I’m so sorry,” I wrote. “Your bosses are morons to have got rid of such a genius as you. I can only suppose a queue will shortly stretch round the block as less brain-dead employers clamour to take you on. Hope you are OK.”The e-mail was heartfelt except for one word, and that was “shortly”. I don’t expect a queue to form for my friend shortly. Even geniuses are not getting snapped up quickly – unless they happen to be security guards, social workers, accountants or teachers.In a trice, I had a message back. He said he had had a brief panic about the mortgage and school fees but otherwise was really rather cheerful. Indeed, he was in such high spirits that he even sent me a funny anecdote*.I could not help comparing the tone of his message with one that I got the very same afternoon from another friend who works for a company that has also been celebrating Christmas with some savage job cuts. Never, she said, had her morale been as bad. The weight of work was crippling as she was now doing the jobs of three people. There was talk of pay cuts. The office was spookily quiet, too; since most of her friends had been sacked, there wasn’t even anyone around to moan to. Worst of all was the fear that her job would be next.It is tempting to conclude from these two messages that, if there is one thing worse for hitherto successful, well-paid people than being fired, it is not being fired. Those who have been axed don’t need to take the sacking personally, and not working in the days before Christmas can be rather jolly. Whereas for those who have not been fired, the not-so-festive season this year is an orgy of fear and drudgery.There might be some truth in this now but it is not going to stay true for long. The grimness of the unemployed will get worse as no queues form to take them on, while the grimness of those in work will, in time, start to recede. This is not because the economy will improve – it is because the grimness itself will bring on a sounder and altogether more realistic approach to work.Over the past decade, the rich, professional classes have developed an increasingly unhealthy attitude to their jobs. We took our jobs and our fat salaries for granted and felt aggrieved if our bonuses were not even bigger than the year before. We demanded that the work be interesting in itself and, even more dangerously and preposterously, that it should have meaning.The result of all these demands was, of course, dissatisfaction. We had climbed to the very top of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and discovered that, at the top of the pyramid, the air was very thin indeed. As an agony aunt, I found that by far the most common problem ers submitted came from rich and senior professionals who had all their basic needs more than catered for, leaving their souls in torment. Help me, I’m bored, they cried. Or, worse: what does my work mean?In the past few months, anguish of this sort has vanished. When one’s job is at risk and one’s savings are a shadow of their former selves, the search for meaning at work is meaningless. The point of a job becomes rather more basic: to feed and house (and, at a pinch, to educate) one’s family and oneself. If we can do this, then anything we manage over and above this is a bonus. Once expectations have fully adjusted to this new reality and we see earning money as the main reason for work, greater satisfaction will follow.Low expectations have an awful lot to be said for them. In surveys women turn out to be more satisfied at work than men, in spite of earning less for the same jobs and doing most of the work at home too. The reason is simple: women’s expectations of working life are lower. Similarly, Denmark is the happiest country in the world in spite of having a cold, dark climate and a top tax rate of 68 per cent. The stoical Danes do not expect so much of life and, expecting less, find what little they have rather nice.Climbing down Maslow’s pyramid is painful and progress is slow. However, there is something that managers can do to make the descent a little less grim. The easiest and cheapest way of cheering up demoralised workers is to tell them that they are doing a great job. It is one of the great mysteries of office life why most managers are so resistant to this when it does not cost one penny. Here is all they have to do: pick people off one by one (to do it in groups is lazy and quite spoils the impact) and say thank you and well done, and look as if they mean it.* For anyone who needs further cheering, here is the anecdote of my sacked friend, who heard it from someone who works at the school that Paul McCartney’s child attends. At a recent parents’ evening, Heather Mills was told that her daughter was rather good at the recorder. Ms Mills apparently replied: “She gets that from me.” /200901/60602
  • 女明星身材大多窈窕,她们生来就有如此令人艳羡的骨感身材吗?她们是如何保持身材远离赘肉的呢?今天小编将介绍一些明星的减肥餐,减肥有风险,模仿需谨慎!Master Cleanse 清肠禁食 The Master Cleanse: a terrifying and potentially dangerous diet. Beyonce has supposedly dropped 20 pounds in two weeks on this diet of homemade lemonade, maple syrup, water, and Cayenne pepper. No solid foods for 10 days. Are you kidding me? 清肠禁食是一种可怕也危险的饮食习惯。碧昂丝曾经通过这种方法在2周内减掉了20磅,在此期间她只能吃一些自家制作的柠檬水,枫糖浆,白开水或者辣椒。没有一个真正饱腹的食物坚持十天。你不是玩儿我吧?Baby Food Diet 婴儿食品减肥法 Okay, Reese Witherspoon is super cute and sweet, but following a baby food diet is pretty silly. You can't maintain a healthy lifestyle with less than 600 calories per day, so this is just a no-no. Oh, and you're not a baby. 好吧,我承认瑞茜·威瑟斯彭非常的可爱也很漂亮,但是她只能依靠婴儿食量减肥法来保持苗条也太可怕了。你不可能在每天只有不到600卡热量的情况下有一个健康的生活习惯。所以这是不行的,因为你不是婴儿。Cabbage Soup Diet 卷心菜汤减肥法 You're allowed to eat as much of the cabbage soup as you'd like. Sounds great if you like cabbage, onions, tomatoes, and unsustainable food in general. Sarah Michelle Gellar likes to do this, especially for quick weight loss. After seven days on this diet, you do lose weight, but it's all water weight. Guess what: once you start eating normally again, you'll gain it all back. Plus more. 你可以喝任意多的卷心菜汤,只要你愿意,初次之外其他不能吃。对于那些很喜欢卷心菜、土豆、和洋葱的人来说确实不赖。Sarah Michelle Gellar就很喜欢这么减肥,尤其是需要短期内迅速瘦下来的时候。只要坚持7天,你就会明显瘦下来,但剩下的体重都只是水了。你知道么?只要你重新回归正常生活,你就会胖回来。说不定胖更多。Sundowner Diet 暮后小饮减肥法 I know, I know, Kate always looks amazing, but I can't help thinking that her "sundowner" diet concept is goofy. It's pretty much a re-packaging of the old wive's tale that you shouldn't eat after 6pm — and there's no evidence backing up the theory that high-calorie foods eaten in the evening get stored up as fat. 我知道凯特看起来非常漂亮,但是我就是无法停止想起她的暮后小饮减肥法,因为那太蠢了。这就好像以前的老婆教条一样:你不能在下午6点以后再吃东西。不仅如此,也没有任何据表明如果你在晚上吃更多的高热量食物会把那些吃进去的热量都变成脂肪。Grapefruit Diet 柚子减肥法 Grapefruits have fat-burning properties, and this diet requires that you eat half of one before every meal. Kylie Minogue follows this diet, and she does seem to stay thin. Your meals have to be tiny-taking in less than 800 calories a day. That's called starvation. 柚子有助脂肪燃烧,根据这种减肥法,你需要在每顿饭前吃半个柚子。凯莉·米洛使用了这种减肥方式,而且貌似她确实一直很瘦。但是,你每餐用量得很少,每天卡路里摄入量必须少于800卡路里——这明明就是挨饿嘛。"Eat Like a Bird" Diet “如同小鸟一样进食”节食 Victoria Beckham is thin, sure, but she also eats next to nothing. She's been reported to live on a diet of soya beans, strawberries, and lettuce, and to drink two pints of algae and a seaweed shake every day. That sounds gross. Also, where's the variety? 维多利亚·贝克汉姆的确很瘦,但她实际上几乎不吃什么东西。据报道,她每天吃由大豆、草莓、莴苣组成的减肥餐,并喝两品脱海藻海带汤。听起来有点可怕,而且这饮食也没有多样性吧? /201109/155287
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