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来源:康大全    发布时间:2018年04月22日 14:51:23    编辑:admin         

The design of these drinking beakers allow the users to pretend they#39;re involved in an intimate clinch while they drink up.这种大口杯的设计可以让人在喝东西的时候假装自己在热吻。‘Kiss when coffee#39; is a design concept made to be fun but functional, offering the drinker a pair of lips and nose to engage with as they use the vessel. “亲吻咖啡杯”是一项既有趣又实用的概念设计,它给用这个容器喝东西的人提供了一双嘴唇和一个鼻子。 Designer Jang WooSeok shared the designs on Behance and says he came up with it because he loves both coffee and kisses.设计师张禹硕在Behance网上分享了他的设计,他说,他想出这个设计是因为他既爱咖啡又爱亲吻。 ;[It#39;s] different from the other coffee lids which have a usual hole to put a straw or to drink directly, ‘Kiss#39; looks like a human face.“普通的咖啡盖有一个口子用来插吸管或者直接喝,“亲吻”咖啡盖的不同之处在于它看上去像一张人脸。 The innovative thinker from Suncheon in South Korea says that the a disposable cup and lid for a cafe franchise will first be produced this week. 来自韩国顺天创新思维思考者透露,这种一次性咖啡杯和盖子本周会首次在咖啡馆里使用。 He explained: ;There is only a mouth on the lid to start with [for the] prototype. However I felt like there was something missing in our early design concept. 他说:“还有一个月设计的原型就要开始生产了。但之前我觉得我们最初的概念设计里好像还缺点什么。 ;I realised that touching the noses is essential point in order to feel realistic while being kissed. So I add the nose and face muscle to the lid.“我们发现碰到鼻子才是真实接吻体验的精髓,所以我在盖子上加上了鼻子和面部肌肉。 ;Finally, it has the lineaments of that of a Greek statue as well as a friendly face. I am sure that it is an important point to get public attention.;“最终,盖子有了希腊雕塑般的面部轮廓和一张善意的脸。我很肯定,要吸引大众眼球,这样的外形是很重要的。” /201509/396574。

Is it common knowledge that school doesn't prepare you well for the real world?Sure, you can get a good degree, find a well-paying job, work until you're in your 60s, and then retire to enjoy the life you've deferred for 40+ years. However, that may not prove to be a successful life, a secure life, a financially sound life. A lot will depend on your outlook and your goals but know this: School doesn't prepare you well for achieving wealth or becoming an entrepreneur and it downright fails at teaching you how to be rich.Nevertheless, school is here to stay. For now. Thus, it helps to identify which classes are the most relevant and helpful for those of us looking to become rich entrepreneurs. There are, in fact, several courses that contain critical information and instruction that, if used correctly, will put you on your path to riches.If you're in college, about to start college, or looking to take some classes, here is a list of college courses that could help make you rich. (I focused on college because (a) college provides the most variety in course selection, and (b) college is generally the time when individuals realize what they want to do with their lives.)AccountingAlthough this list is in no particular order, I think Accounting is, by far, the most important course to take if you want to succeed financially. Today's "credit crunch" illustrates that there are too many people who do not understand a balance sheet. Someone who walks into Best Buy and pays for a 47-inch plasma television with a credit card does not comprehend the difference between an asset and a liability.Learning the difference between assets and liabilities, as well as concepts like inventory and cash flow, is essential if you intend on keeping your finances in order. Moreover, these concepts are crucial if you want to start your own business. The health of a business is reflected in its balance sheet and financial statement. As those numbers go, so does the business. Accounting will help you understand that cash flow is what helps a business succeed, and it is what helps you as an individual succeed.MarketingIf you intend on making money from selling something (which, incidentally, is how any business makes money), then you need to learn how to find the right product. Marketing, in and of itself, is not selling. However, it helps you learn how to promote certain products and services. By taking Marketing, you can understand the process involved in figuring out what consumers want, focusing on a product that satisfies those desires, and the attempt at moving consumers toward that product.Too often, products fail because their creators didn't bother to learn whether a market existed for that product. This process involves research and time, but, in the end, it can save a business thousands, if not millions, of dollars. As an entrepreneur, it can also save you valuable time and money. Find the market first, and then develop the product.EconomicsI regret never taking Economics in college. Understanding the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services is essential if you want to take a big picture approach to business and investing. The current state of the U.S. economy is a combination of various factors (i.e., consumer over-spending, speculative real estate investing, fragile lending practices, a weakening dollar, low supply of oil, etc.).If you understand how the economy got to the point where it is today, it helps you identify where your money should be. You can pick out the right investments and turn away from the bad ones. You can identify which direction your business should go in, including whether to take advantage of certain trends or cut out excess inventory.Economics is a vital ingredient in a person's financial education. The world is now a global marketplace, and the supply and demand of goods and services operate at that level.FinanceIt's tax season, and several people you know are probably receiving refund checks in the mail from the Internal Revenue Service. If you're excited about receiving a refund check, you probably never took a finance course. Receiving a refund is a way for you to lose money. The government withheld money from your paychecks and held that money for a year without paying you any interest. It's like giving someone an interest-free loan. Thus, your money sat in the government's hand and lost value during that time.Finance helps you understand how the time value of money works and how various investment vehicles operate. One of the keys to becoming rich is comprehending how money works when it's not in your hands. A finance course (preferably one geared towards entrepreneurship) will teach you what you need to know to reach this level of understanding. There might be some math involved, but it won't kill you. It'll just make you a stronger and more savvy investor.Any American History CourseHistory can be boring. But if you look at history from a different viewpoint, it can open doors for you. The most valuable aspect of history is its ability to convey to us the mistakes of others. Studying history helps you learn from others mistakes so that, hopefully, you won't commit the same mistakes.American history is filled with mishaps, wrong turns, and terrible decision-making, both at the national political level and at the business level. Look at these errors, and figure out how a better decision could have been made. Then, apply that realization to today's world and to your own trajectory. How can you apply what you learned from these mistakes to your own entrepreneurial experiences?Writing and CompositionSucceeding as an entrepreneur requires that you be able to express yourself and your ideas. Whether it involves pitching an idea to an investor, writing a press release, or composing a business plan, entrepreneurs need to communicate. More often than not, this communication is done in writing. Basic composition and grammar skills can do wonders for your ability to convey your ideas and your mindset.Just glance around at the number of blogs across the Internet and you will see a lot of bad writing. It's an instant turnoff and preempts any evaluation of the content of your writing. Good writing, on the other hand, draws in a er, and it gives you a shot at selling someone on your content. In other words, it helps you get in the door.Any Literature CourseLiterature, like history, contains valuable lessons that emanate from years of experience and wisdom. Why not draw on these sources of information? There is no limit to the topics covered by novels. Ernest Hemingway's books are full of inspirational messages. Oscar Wilde provides brilliant business advice. Henry David Thoreau is the master of teaching self-reliance. These books and others provide timeless principles of personal development and, just as important, wealth creation.ManagementOne of the problems with "bosses" is that they don't know how to manage people. If you want to own and run a business, you need to manage that business effectively and efficiently. This process requires dealing and communicating with people and delegating tasks and decisions to employees. An understanding of management concepts and learning different techniques and skills will not only make you likable, but they will also help you make more money.-Robert /200807/43320。

Talk to a bunch of economists and they will doubtless tell you that poor productivity growth is the scourge of our age.与一些经济学家交谈,他们几乎肯定会告诉你,疲弱的生产率增长是我们这个时代的灾难。Lounge in the back of a limo with some chief executives, on the other hand, and they will enthuse about how new technologies are transforming corporate productivity.另一方面,舒地靠在一些首席执行官的豪华轿车的后座上,他们会热情洋溢地诉说新技术正如何改变企业生产率。Track down some experts in artificial intelligence and they may well babble on about standing on the brink of a productivity revolution. If we ever reach the point of technological singularity — when computers outsmart humans — productivity growth will accelerate exponentially.与人工智能领域的一些专家谈话,他们很有可能会喋喋不休地说着我们正濒临一场生产率革命。如果我们达到技术奇点(当电脑智慧超过人类智慧时),生产率增速将呈指数式加快。From that moment, a computer superintelligence will rapidly discover everything left to discover. This Master Algorithm, as the author — a computer science professor at the University of Washington — Pedro Domingos calls it, will be the last invention that man makes. It will be able to derive all knowledge in the world — past, present, and future — from data.从那一刻起,电脑超级智能将迅速发现留待发现的一切。正如华盛顿大学(University of Washington)计算机学教授、《主算法》(Master Algorithm)一书作者佩德罗?多明戈斯(Pedro Domingos)所说,这个主算法将成为人类的最后一个发明。这个主算法将能够从数据中获得世界上的一切知识——过去、现在和未来。There does appear to be, to put it mildly, something of a “productivity paradox”. Can all three stories be true? Quite possibly, yes.说得婉转些,其中似乎确实存在某种“生产率悖论”。这3个故事有可能全部为真吗?很有可能,是的。Hype, of course, is not an alien phenomenon in the tech industry. At present, we are a very, very long way from technological singularity and opinion is divided about whether we will ever reach it. It is worth noting, though, that some (younger) researchers in the field are convinced they will achieve it in their lifetimes.当然,在科技行业,天花乱坠的宣传并不新鲜。目前,我们距离技术奇点还相当遥远,关于我们达到这个奇点的那一天会不会到来,人们还没有达成一致。然而,我们有必要注意到,该领域有些(较年轻)的研究人员相信,他们将在他们的有生之年迎来这一刻。Yet even the application of narrow, domain-specific AI that exists today is producing startling results as the big tech companies — Google, Microsoft and IBM — pour money into the field. For a glimpse of what is possible, it is worth checking in with BenevolentAI, a London start-up attempting to revolutionise medical research.然而,即便是目前存在的狭窄、针对特定领域的人工智能应用也在产生惊人的结果——大型科技公司(谷歌(Google)、微软(Microsoft)和IBM)正在该领域投入资金。要了解未来可能发生的事情,我们有必要关注一下伦敦初创企业BenevolentAI,该公司试图实现医学研究的革命。Kenneth Mulvany, Benevolent’s founder, argues that drug discovery is in large part an information and data challenge that can be effectively addressed by AI. PubMed, the online medical research site, holds 26m citations and is adding about 1m new publications a year. That is clearly more than any team of researchers could ingest in a lifetime.BenevolentAI创始人肯尼思?梅尔文(Kenneth Mulvany)认为,药品的发现在很大程度上是一项信息和数据挑战,这些挑战能够由人工智能有效解决。在线医学研究网站PubMed拥有2600万篇文献,并每年新增约100万篇文献。这显然是任何一个研究团队所有成员一辈子都无法完全吸收的。Benevolent has built a computer “engine” capable of ing and mapping such data and extracting relevant information, highlighting “conceptual hypotheses” in one field that can be applied to another. “You can look at things on a scale that was unimaginable before,” Mr Mulvany says. “This AI-assessed component can augment human intelligence.”BenevolentAI搭建了一个电脑“引擎”,能够阅读这些数据、对其整理归类并提取相关信息,突出显示一个领域中能够应用于另一个领域的“概念假说”。“你可以用以前想象不到的规模来看事情,”马尔瓦尼表示,“这种由人工智能评估的组件可以增强人类智慧。”Benevolent is working with researchers at Sheffield university to investigate new pathways to treat motor neurone disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Early results are promising.BenevolentAI正与谢菲尔德大学(Sheffield university)的研究人员合作,以研究治疗运动神经元疾病和肌萎缩性侧索硬化症(ALS)的新方法。初步结果大有希望。Richard Mead, lecturer in neuroscience, says that Benevolent has aly validated one pathway for drug discovery and opened up a surprising new one. “What their engine can do is look across vast swaths of information to pick novel ideas to repurpose.”神经学讲师理查德?米德(Richard Mead)表示,BenevolentAI已确认一种药物发现的途径并开启了一种惊人的新途径。“他们的引擎可以浏览大量信息,以发现新的想法重新利用。”It can also help personalise solutions for individuals according to their genetic make up. “We are really excited about it. The potential is incredible,” says Laura Ferraiuolo, lecturer in translational neurobiology.它还可以帮助根据基因构成来制定个性化的个人解决方案。转化神经生物学讲师劳拉?费拉约洛(Laura Ferraiuolo)表示:“我们确实对此感到兴奋。潜力是惊人的。”Some economists argue this combination of fast-expanding data sets, machine learning and ever-increasing computing power should be classified as an entirely new factor of production, alongside capital and labour.一些经济学家认为,迅速扩大的数据集、机器学习和日益提高的计算能力,这些都应被列为除资本和劳动力之外的一种全新的生产要素。AI is creating a new “virtual workforce”, enhancing the productivity of human intelligence and driving new innovation. Moreover, unlike other factors of production, AI does not degrade over time. Rather, it benefits from network and scale effects. Every self-driving car can “learn” from every other such vehicle, for example.人工智能正缔造一种新的“虚拟劳动力”,提高人类智慧的生产率并推动新的创新。另外,与其他生产要素不同,人工智能不会随着时间的流逝而贬值。它将受益于网络和规模效应。例如所有自动驾驶汽车都能从其他此类汽车身上学习。A recent report from Accenture and Frontier Economics made the bold claim that the widesp adoption of AI-enabled technologies could double the economic growth rates of many advanced countries by 2035.来自埃森哲(Accenture)与经济学前沿公司(Frontier Economics)最近的一份报告大胆提出,到2035年,基于人工智能的技术的普遍采用,可能会将很多发达国家的经济增速提高一倍。It estimated that AI had the potential to raise the annual growth rate of gross value added (a close approximation of GDP) to 4.6 per cent in the US, 3.9 per cent in the UK and 2.7 per cent in Japan.报告估计,人工智能有可能将美国、英国和日本的总增加值(与国内生产总值(GDP)近似)年度增速分别提高到4.6%、3.9%和2.7%。Such studies are educated guesswork. Advances in technology are unpredictable. But some AI pioneers are convinced it could “change everything”, from material science to energy. “We are at the dawn of a new age of innovation,” says Mr Mulvany. “We aly have human-augmented innovation. We will eventually have machine innovation.”这些研究属于学术猜测。科技的进步是不可预测的。但一些人工智能先驱相信,它可以“改变一切”,从材料科学到能源。“我们正处在一个新的创新时代的开端,”马尔瓦尼表示,“我们已拥有由人类增强的创新。我们将最终拥有机器创新。”Even the most gimlet-eyed of economists may soon have to accept that AI is affecting productivity in profound and possibly extraordinary ways.甚至连目光最犀利的经济学家可能也很快不得不承认,人工智能将以深远且可能非同一般的方式影响生产率。 /201702/494237。

April Fools#39; Day is not all about pranks. China#39;s Internet giant Baidu is dead serious about its plan- to be launched on April 1-to include science fiction writers in its research on artificial intelligence.愚人节可不是只有恶作剧。中国互联网巨头百度在4月1日推出的计划是认真的:邀请科幻小说作家参与人工智能的研究。The Baidu Verne Plan involves setting up a consulting team to bring the world#39;s best science fiction writers together with leading scientists in a quest to turn imagination into reality.该计划称为百度凡尔纳计划,它建立了一个由世界上最好的科幻作家与顶尖科学家组成的顾问团队,探寻把想象变成现实之路。The project, named after French novelist Jules Verne, has aly invited six people to be the first group of advisers in the team, according to Beijing-based Baidu.据总部位于北京的百度公司介绍,这个项目是根据法国小说家儒勒·凡尔纳的名字而命名的,目前已经邀请了6人成为该顾问团队的首批成员。The company said that some of Verne#39;s imagination seen in his books in the 19th century, such as helicopters, had been realized in the 20th century.百度公司方面表示,19世纪凡尔纳著作中的一些想象,比如直升飞机,在20世纪已经成为了现实。Apart from Andrew Ng, Baidu#39;s chief scientist, the other five advisers are science fiction writers. They include Liu Cixin, who last year became the first Asian author to win the Hugo Award for Best Novel for his book The Three-Body Problem, and David Brin, an award-winning author from the ed States.除了百度首席科学家吴恩达之外,其他5位顾问都是科幻小说作家。他们包括去年凭借《三体》赢得雨果奖最佳小说的亚洲第一人刘慈欣,以及来自美国的、屡次获奖的作家大卫·布林。Baidu said in a statement that the advisers would receive updated information on how the company is developing certain technologies. They will also be able to communicate with Baidu#39;s research and development team to turn some of the ideas into products through brainstorming.百度公司在一份声明中表示,这些顾问会收到公司如何开发相关技术的更新信息。他们也可以与百度研究与开发团队交流,通过头脑风暴把想法变为产品。Liu Cixin told The Paper in an interview: ;This is an innovative organization. Many ideas, along with innovative work, will be born here. The project will focus on artificial intelligence, and there will be an opportunity for us to work with scientists once the project is officially launched.;刘慈欣在接受《澎湃新闻》的采访时表示:“这是一家创意公司。许多想法和创新工作都会在这里诞生。这个项目会聚焦人工智能,当项目官方成立后,我们有机会和科学家一起工作。” /201604/436013。

The fact that the Financial Times special series on robots has been framed around the question “Robots: friend or foe?” is fascinating to me. I understand that change is scary, and that the cyborg from The Terminator is really scary. But my ing of the evidence is that the rapid changes we are seeing in artificial intelligence, sensor development and many other fields are not sending us hurtling towards a future in which the machines become self-aware and take over. Worrying about that future is so misplaced that, as the AI pioneer Andrew Ng puts it, it is like worrying about overpopulation#8201;.#8201;.#8201;.#8201;on Mars.英国《金融时报》关于机器人的特别系列报道一直围绕着这样一个问题:机器人是敌是友?这让我很感兴趣。我知道变化是可怕的,我也知道《终结者》(Terminator)中的半机器人确实可怕。但我读到的据表明,我们在人工智能(AI)、传感器开发以及其他很多领域看到的快速变化,并没有在把我们快速推向一个机器产生自我意识并接管一切的未来。担心这种未来毫无意义,就像人工智能先驱吴恩达(Andrew Ng)所说的那样,这就好像担心……火星上人口过多。A much more proximate and real threat, and hence a scarier one, is that of economic dislocation. Robots (a term I am using here as shorthand for the modern, rapidly expanding toolkit of digital technologies) are quickly learning lots of skills — everything from understanding natural language to diagnosing disease to driving cars — that used to be the preserve of human beings alone. These skilful machines are going to sp throughout the world’s economies in the years to come, and they are going to automate some people, perhaps many of them, out of their jobs.一种更紧迫且更切实(因此也更可怕)的威胁是经济可能出现混乱。机器人(我姑且使用这个词代指快速扩张的现代数字技术工具)正快速学习大量曾经是人类专属的技能——从理解自然语言到诊断疾病、再到驾驶汽车。未来数年,这些技术高超的机器将出现在全球各个经济体中,他们将用自动化取代人工,致使一些(或许多)人失业。Surely this means that robots are our foes? No, it absolutely does not. To believe otherwise is to reduce us humans to the status of mere labourers — and that is an offensively reductive view of our species.这当然意味着机器人是我们的敌人喽?不,完全不是这样。认为是肯定的,就是把人类贬低为只不过是体力劳动者,这未免太小瞧我们这个物种了。For one thing, many people are not workers at all; they are children or pensioners, the sick or infirm. For these groups, technological progress is a virtually unalloyed good. It will allow the elderly to lead more autonomous lives (think of a self-driving car that will let them visit friends and relatives, for example), while letting their families closely monitor them and intervene if they fall or become disorientated. It will let children learn what they want, at their own pace. It will let us tailor medical treatments to individuals, rather than simply doing what works best on average.首先,很多人根本不是劳动者;他们是儿童或退休人士、病人或残障人士。对于这些人而言,技术进步是近乎纯粹的福音。它将让老年人能过上更自立的生活(比如,设想一下无人驾驶汽车带着他们探亲访友),同时让他们的家人能密切监控他们的状况,在他们摔倒或迷路时进行干预。它将让孩子们能按照自己的进度学习他们想学的知识。它将让患者能获得最适合自己的医学治疗,而不是仅仅获得通常而言最有效的治疗。I struggle to see how technological progress could be negative, on balance, for any of these groups. Yes, children can spend too much time staring at their smartphones, and parents should ensure their screen time is limited. But we survived the advent of television, a technology perfectly designed to turn us into zombies who cease to engage with each other in any way. I am confident, therefore, that the kids will be all right.总的来说,我想不出对所有这些群体而言,科技进步何以会是一件不好的事情。确实,儿童可能会花费太多时间盯着他们的智能手机,父母应控制他们玩手机的时间。但电视这种原本足以让我们变成彼此不进行任何互动的僵尸的技术诞生了,我们安然无恙;因此,我相信,孩子们会没事的。But what about those of us who actually do work for a living? Even for us, robots are not our enemies — for two important reasons. First, they are not going to put us all out of work any time soon. There are still a lot of things that technology cannot do — from clearing a table to coaching a team to writing a novel. And even the biggest techno-optimists do not think that these things will be 100 per cent automated in the near future.但我们这些真正在为生计工作的人呢?即便对于我们,机器人也并非敌人,原因有两个。首先,他们不会很快让我们都失业。仍有很多事情是机器做不了的——从收拾桌子到教一个班的学生写小说。就连对技术发展最乐观的人也不认为,这些工作将在不远的未来实现100%自动化。It is true that a lot of the jobs that technology cannot do today do not pay very well (largely because lots of people can do them, and this large supply of potential labour keeps wages down). The best way to address this challenge, I believe, is with a negative income tax that provides low-income workers with an earnings boost.确实,机器现在做不了的很多工作都薪水不高(这主要是因为可以做这些工作的人很多,大量的潜在劳动力供应让薪资高不起来)。我认为,解决这一挑战的最佳办法是将收入所得税降至负值,为低收入员工增加收入。The second and much more important reason that robots are not our foes is that they make us richer overall. By increasing our capabilities and productivity, they create more bounty and abundance. We like to communicate, learn, entertain ourselves, travel and consume goods and services. Technological progress lets us do more of all of these things for a given amount of money (or, increasingly these days, for no money at all), and at higher levels of quality.机器人并非敌人的第二个也是更为重要的原因在于,他们让我们总体变得更为富有。通过提高我们的能力和生产率,他们创造了更富足的生活。我们喜欢交流、学习、、旅行以及消费产品和务。技术进步将让我们能用同样的钱(乃至免费——按照如今的趋势),以更高的质量做更多我们喜欢的事情。It is true that the way most of us gain access to much of this bounty is by getting paid for our labour. It is also true that this “labour bargain” is becoming a tougher one for more and more people as their skills become less valuable, because of both globalisation and technological progress. We need to figure out how to deal with this situation This will be one of the most important policy arenas over the coming decades.确实,我们多数人享受到这种富足的方式是通过获取劳动报酬。此外,确实,对于越来越多的人而言,这种“便宜劳动力”正变得愈发难以消受,因为由于全球化和技术进步,他们的技能变得不那么有价值了。我们需要弄清楚如何应对这种情况。这将是未来数十年最重要的政策领域之一。But we also need to keep in mind that this is a situation brought about by the fact that technology is letting us do and create much more with much less drudgery and toil. If we cannot figure out how to deal with this, and how to make sure that the fruits of robots’ labour are shared in a way that reflects our shared values and protects our most vulnerable, then shame on us. In that case, we will have met the real foe in that case, and it will be us.但我们还需要记住,这种情况源于这一事实:技术让我们得以费少得多的力气创造多得多的价值。如果我们无法弄明白如何应对这种形势,如何确保以反映我们共同价值观、保护弱者的方式分享机器人的劳动成果,那么我们应该感到羞愧。如果是那样的话,我们已遭遇真正的敌人,那就是我们自己。 /201605/446149。