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Cao Cao, courtesy name Meng-te (born A. D. 155, Anhui Province, died 220, Henan Province) was one of the greatest generals at the end of the Han Dynasty (206 B. C.~A. D. 220) of China.曹操,字孟德,公元155年生于安徽,公元220年卒于河南,汉末最主要的将军之一。Cao#39;s father was the adopted son of the chief eunuch of the imperial court.曹操的父亲是宦官中常侍曹腾的养子。Cao was initially a minor garrison commander and rose to prominence as a general when he suppressed the Yellow Turban Rebellion, which threatened the last years of Han rule.黄巾起义给汉末统治带来了威胁,起初曹操只是一个不起眼的卫戍部队小头日--洛阳北部尉,后因镇压黄巾起义有功被封为将军。The Dynasty,however, was greatly weakened by the rebellion, and in the ensuing chaos the country was divided among the major generals into three kingdoms.然而黄巾起义极大地削弱了汉朝的力量,在随后而起的战乱中,各位大将占据一方把整个国家分为三个王国。Cao occupied the strategic northern section around the emperor#39;s capital at Luoyang and gradually assumed all imperial prerogatives. His domain was known as the kingdom of Wei.曹操占领了京师洛阳附近的战略地区,渐渐地拥有了皇帝的所有特权,其领地就是魏国。Cao#39;s large armies-at one time he is said to have had a million men under arms-and his skillful maneuvering have long been notorious in Chinese history.曹操的大军--据说有100万人--以及曹操熟练的策略很久以来在中国历史上都是臭名昭著的。He was described by Confucian historians and in popular legends as the archetypal shrewd, bold, unscrupulous villain.在儒家历史学家的作品和通俗传说中,曹操被描写成一个典型的精明、大胆、寡廉鲜耻的恶棍。He was portrayed in this role in the great 14th-century historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms, and since then he has been one of the most popular figures of Chinese legend and folklore, with various evil magic powers ascribed to him.在14世纪著名的历史小说《三国演义》中,曹操就被刻画成这么一个形象。从此以后,曹操成为中国传说中的流传最广的人物之一。在这些传说中,曹操拥有各种各样的邪恶法力。Modern historians tend to view Cao as a skillful general and pragmatic politician.然而现代历史学家倾向于将曹操视为善战的将军和注重实际的政治家。After Cao#39;s death the last Han ruler, Hsien-ti, ceded the throne to Cao#39;s son Cao Pi, who proclaimed the Wei Dynasty (220~265).曹后,汉献帝退位,曹操之子曹丕登基,建立魏国(公元220年至265年)。 /201508/390356Questions:谜面:1. Why are giraffes the cheapest to feed?1. 为什么养长颈鹿最不花钱?2. Why are dogs afraid to sunbathe?2. 为什么害怕日光浴?3. Why is the pig always eating?3. 猪为什么没完没了地吃?4. Why are politicians no longer concerned with snowball fights?4. 政客们为什么不再关注打雪仗了?5. Why don#39;t women get bald as soon as men?5. 为什么总是男人比女人先秃头?6. What can pierce one#39;s ears without a hole?6. 什么东西不用打洞就可以在耳朵上穿孔?7. What#39;s the longest word in the world?7. 世界上最长的单词是什么?8. Why does time fly?8. 时间为何飞逝?9. Where can a dog get another tail?9. 去哪里可以再弄到一条尾巴?Keys::1. They make a little food go a long way.1. 因为它们脖子长,一点点食物都要走很长的路才能咽下去。2. They don#39;t want to be hot-dog.2. 因为它们不想成为热。3. He#39;s making a hog of himself.3. 它想成为一只肉猪。4. The cold war is over.4. 冷战结束了。5. Because women wear hair longer.5. 因为女人头发留得长。6. Noise.6. 噪音。7. Smiles. Because there#39;s a mile between the letter ;s;.7. 微笑。因为两个字母S中间隔了一里。8. To get away from all those who are trying to kill it.8. 为的是甩掉所有要谋杀它的人。9. At a retail store.9. 在零售商店。 /201205/180260

I travel a lot. Each month, I pack up my suitcase to hit the road, whether it be (quite literally) by plane, train, or automobile.我常常旅行。每个月我都会收拾行囊踏上旅途,不管是乘飞机、火车或者汽车。Whether it be for work, for family, or for a holiday/vacation, I always find myself with the same quandry--how to stay healthy and fit while on the road?不论是去出差、探亲还是度假,我总是面临同样一个难题——如何在旅途中保持健康呢?I used to use traveling as an excuse to get out of my healthy habits, but learned the hard way that damage like that is hard to undo. I have since learned, that with little effort, I can stay in shape, not get sick, and enjoy traveling, as well as be happy when I get back to the reality of every day life.我曾经把旅行当成摆脱健康习惯的一个借口,但随后发现这样对健康造成的损害是很难恢复的。后来我逐渐明白,其实只需要一点小小的努力,我就可以在享受旅行的同时保持体形而且不生病,而且当我结束旅行回到正常生活时依然感到很快乐。1.Move around!1.到处走走!Though only about 1 in 4,500 airplane passengers develop a blood clot (npr.com) you should still make every effort to move around on the plane, whether it be just standing in the aisle (once you#39;ve reached the proper flying altitude) or by taking a walk to the lavatory. Have a layover? Instead of sitting (you#39;ll be doing plenty of that on the plane), make sure to walk around the airport. Taking a road trip? Make plenty of stops to move around. This is also a great opportunity to check out an attraction on the way! Once you get to your location, don#39;t forget to factor in exercise. Whether it be working out at your hotel, taking hikes, or forgoing public transport to walk, you#39;ll feel much better if you get in some activity.虽然搭乘飞机的旅客患上血凝块的几率只有1/4500,你还是应该尽可能多的在飞机上走动,哪怕只是在走道上站一会儿(不过要等飞机到达合适的高度时),或者走去洗手间也好。如果你要转机,别坐着(在飞机上已经坐得够久了),一定要在机场到处走走。如果你是自驾游,那就多停几站多走走。这也是在路上发现美景的绝好机会!到达目的地后,别忘了要锻炼。不管是在酒店内溜达、远足,还是放弃公共交通改用步行,只要你动起来,就会感觉好很多。2.Snack Smart.2.自备健康零食。While at the airport and on road trips you#39;ll roll past countless fast food restaurants. Though these seem like a convenient option, they#39;re not the healthiest. I like to pack snacks that are within my calorie budget for the day and 100 calories or under each. When traveling and purchasing food, I try to opt for fresh fruit and veggies (not only healthy, but also packed with vitamins!). Fast food the only option and you#39;re famished? Stick to something simple (like a kids meal) and whatever you do, don#39;t supersize.无论是在机场还是路途中,你都会路过无数快餐店。虽然它们可以为你提供便利,但却不够健康。我喜欢自己带零食,并且把它们控制在每日卡路里摄入量范围内,每样不超过100卡。在旅途中购买食品时,我尽量选择新鲜水果和蔬菜(它们不仅健康,还富含维生素)。如果你饿坏了,而除了快餐别无选择怎么办?那就选一些简单的东西(比如儿童套餐),而且不论吃什么,别撑着。3.Stay Germ Free.3.远离细菌。It#39;s hard to avoid germs completely, but the last thing you want to do is come home from a trip sick or worse, get sick on your trip. Bring disinfecting wipes with you. They come in so handy from wiping down your seat on the airplane to even cleaning up messes at hotels. Carry antibacterial gel or paper soap for occasions when a public restroom is out of soap. Most importantly, stick to your vitamin regimen and make sure to get plenty of vitamin c!想要完全避免细菌是很困难的,但你绝对不想结束旅行回到家就生病,甚至在旅途中就病倒了。自带消毒湿巾。它的用处可大了,可以用来在飞机上清洁座椅,也可以帮你在酒店里收拾烂摊子。随身携带抗菌免洗洗手液或纸质肥皂,以免公共卫生间的肥皂用完了。最重要的一点是,坚持你的维生素养生法则,保摄入足量的维生素C!4.Hydrate, hydrate, hydrate.4.喝水,喝水,喝水。Due to low humidity on planes, many of us can find ourselves feeling thirstier than ever. Don#39;t want to pay for water at the airport? Bring an empty bottle in your carry on to fill at a water fountain and carry on the plane. Lucky enough to be flying an airline with complimentary beverage services? Opt for water. Make sure when traveling on day trips, etc. to carry water with you at all times. Water will also help you to be able to stay full between meals so that you will eat healthier throughout the day.由于飞机上湿度较低,我们大多数人都会感觉特别口渴。不想在机场花钱买水?那就随身带一个空瓶子,在饮水机上灌满水再带上飞机。运气好乘坐的航班提供免费饮料?那就选择饮用水吧。在白天旅行时一定要记得带上水。水还可以帮助你在三餐的间隙不至于感到饥饿,这样有助于你一天饮食健康。Though you will be out of your normal comfort zone, it#39;s important to stick to your regular regime as much as possible. Happy traveling!虽然在旅途中你不得不脱离自己通常的舒适地带,但尽量保持自己平时的健康法则依然很重要。祝你旅途愉快! /201210/202479

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