时间:2018年03月22日 13:53:14

Some people create with paint and brushes, others with musical notes or a camera.Earl Young found his muse in nature and channeled his artistic vision using massive glacial boulders, limestone, and fieldstone.The result is a collection of fascinating structures that Young built through the mid-20th century in Charlevoix. Many know them as ;the mushroom houses.;Earl Young and his stone houses are the subject of the new documentary film The Wizard of Boulder Park, produced by three-time Emmy Award-winning brother-sister team of Anne-Marlowe Belanger and Brian Belanger.Brian Belanger directed the film, wrote the script, did the camera work and composed the score. He tells us that he first discovered the houses by chance as he and his sister were traveling to Charlevoix to give a lecture on their first film.;After passing house after Victorian house on the way, suddenly (I saw) this cottage made of stone,; he says. ;I was just awestruck.; David Miles, curator of the museum of the Charlevoix Historical Society, gives tours of the area and describes the houses as ;gnome houses, mushroom houses, hobbit houses, Hansel and Gretel.;;You can put any moniker you want on them and still you cannot really encompass them because they are all so unique. Each one is different than every other one,; Miles says.Young decided early on that traditional architecture education wasnt for him, according to Miles.;He had his own ideas, but they didnt mesh well with what was being taught at the time. So he dropped out after one year,; he says.Young independently studied architecture and design texts and learned how to cut stone as an apprentice to a stonemason, Miles says, and over the course of 52 years proceeded to build 31 structures.Miles tells us that Youngs attention to detail and focus on preserving the natural feel of the land on which he built really made him stand out in the architecture crowd.;Earls philosophy was, you do not alter the land unless you absolutely have to,; Miles says. ;The laying of the shingles, the eaves, the trim, the stonework. Everything echoes the ground on which it sits into an integrated work of art.;Belanger says that he had originally planned to make the film almost entirely about the houses, but the more he learned about Earl Young the more the story shifted focus to the man himself.The Charlevoix Historical Society and the community gave Belanger access to ;hundreds and hundreds of photos … from different time periods.;But he tells us the pièce de résistance was the 13 hours of home taken by Young that documented his family life and house constructions.;That was quite a wonderful cache of information and history to present to the public for the first time,; Belanger says.Most of the houses have been fairly well taken care of, but Miles tells us that they are currently not protected. He hopes that by the end of the year a historical district will have been established in the area in order to protect the stone houses from potentially damaging alterations.There will be a screening of The Wizard of Boulder Park at the Charlevoix Cinema Three on September 21, the 100th anniversary of the wedding of Earl and Irene Young.201509/399611

Show me what you gonna do. Show me what you gonna do.让我们看看你要做什么 让我们看看你要做什么Thats right. Mr. Goal is on later.Well talk about how much we love Mr. Goal. Ha.好吧 待会再聊;目标先生; 我们来谈谈我们有多爱目标先生 哈Would you? I did.I...Sorry. He probably has a lovely family. So...He may. I dont know. We will find out. We will.你爱吗 爱 我... 抱歉 他可能已经家庭美满 所以... 也许吧 我不知道 我们待会看看 -会的Um, so, you are hosting the Awards...Now is this something that you think about?你要去主持颁奖礼 现在有些什么想说的吗Do you get nervous about? Have you hosted Award show?主持颁奖典礼你紧张吗 你有过类似的经历吗No. The only thing Ive hosted so far is HPV. So,I feel, um...Um, no, its not detectable amiss.不 我只有得过HPV的经历 所以 我感觉 不 这不是钻空子Each one back to annual past. But...Im really excited. No, I didnt...每个人都回顾过去的一年 但是 我真的很激动 不 我不是...Excited about what? You are not dating.I know, I know. Where is it? - I dont know why? Whats wrong?激动什么呢 你又不是在约会 我知道 它在哪 -我不知道 怎么了Why? Um,I didnt even know I was up for the job.为什么 呃 我都不知道我要去主持了And I got to do a show in Carnegie hall,You know, dream for a nominated. - Yep.我以为是在卡内基音乐厅 讲脱口秀呢 你知道的 梦想得到提名的地方 是啊And Im from New York so I um...我从纽约飞过来 所以我And that night I was just so excited all my high school friends were there那天晚上我只是很激动 我所有高中朋友都在那and then my publicist, Carey Biolic,Biolic, something like that um..然后我的宣传员 凯里·比亚利克 比亚利克 差不多就是这个名字Shes like my best friend and I was just like nervous,她是我最好的朋友 我当时很紧张but she um, she was like youve got it!And I was just like what? It was...但她 她对我说你一定能行 然后我说怎么可能And she said youre hosting and my high school friends went crazy,她说是你要主持 我高中的朋友们都激动疯了They now they finally think Ive made it.Theyre just like, MTV!Im like how old? Were frekin in our 30s, relax, but...他们终于觉得我实现了梦想 他们一直大喊MTV 我就说都多大了 我们都三十了 放轻松Yeah I dont know my friends actually the,there is an article, I was on the cover of entertainment weekly. 我的朋友事实上 有这么一个文章 我上了版的封面Which Im so proud of. - I know. Look at this!I mean look at the cover. Yeah!!!Me!!!是个周刊 我特别骄傲 我知道 就是这个 看看封面上的是谁 是我 /201603/430044

Sure, you think the world is full of solid objects.世界充满了固体物质,你可能对此深信不疑。You think theradio youre listening to is solid.你会以为,你正在听的收音机是固体的;You think the floor yourestanding on or the chair youre sitting in is solid.你正站在上面的地板是固体的;你正坐在上面的椅子是固体的。Heck, you probably think that you yourself are a solid object. Wrong.嘿,你可能说,我自己也是固体呀。可惜,你错了。One of the strangest things modern atomic theory has shownus is that what we commonly take to be the world of solidobjects is for the most part empty space.现代原子理论带给我们最大的惊奇是,通常被认为是固体的东西其实大部分都是空隙。Thats right.确实是这样。Even something as reliable as a table, a brick, a baseball, even yourbody, is by and large just empty space.即使是像桌子,砖头,棒球,甚至你的身体,这些看起来实实在在的东西,其主要构成都是空隙。Why is that?为什么这么说呢?Its because you, the baseball, and everything else is made up of atoms.这是因为你也好,棒球也好,其它的任何东西也好,都是由原子构成的,And atoms themselves are mostly empty space…而原子本身大部分都是空隙。But wait! What about the protons and neutrons and stuff?不过,等一下!你可能会问,不是还有质子、中子吗?Well, theyre in there, but only in the very center. Thats called the nucleus.它们又在哪里呢?别着急,它们还是在那里,不过只在正中间一点点地方。所以它们被称为原子核。An atoms nucleus is surrounded by a cloud of orbiting electrons.原子核的周围环绕着一团按轨道运行的电子群。Virtually all the mass of the atom—the stuff and not the fluff-is in the nucleus.事实上,粗略地说,原子的重量就是原子核的重量,And the nucleus is incredibly tiny compared tothe overall size of the atom.尽管与整个原子相比,原子核小得不可思议。In fact, its about a hundred thousand times smaller.具体地说,原子核比原子小十万倍。Its like aspeck of dust floating around inside a cathedral.形象地说,原子核与原子就如同一粒漂浮的微尘与大教堂,In between the dust speck and the cathedral walls is nothing but space.而灰尘和教堂的墙壁之间没有任何东西-全是空隙。So you are made up of things that are mostly empty space, with occasional specks floating inthem.所以你就是由这样的东西构成的:它们基本上都是空隙,几颗微尘漂浮其间。Does it make you feel kind of empty, too?这是否让你感到某种空虚?Dont worry. Every other object in the world,from a pebble to Mount Everest, is the same way.别担心。世上所有一切,从小小的鹅卵石到巍巍喜马拉雅山,也都是这样构成的。 201411/341258

America struggles with race and those struggles are intensifying. As the white majority has been shrinking, racial tensions have been rising. You can see it in anti-immigration movements. Its in the feeling among some white people that theyre being oppressed.Meanwhile, a new generation of black protest organizations has been taking to the streets as black Americans feel a greater threat from white-dominated politics and police.Race relations have changed since the civil rights movements of the 1960s and they seem to be changing again.When many cities in the U.S. erupted in protest, riots, and uprisings in the 1960s, most white people were bewildered.President Lyndon Johnson appointed the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, known as the Kerner Commission. He wanted to know why the rebellions took place.White people were surprised by the findings. The Kerner Report indicated white attitudes toward black people led to the uprisings. White racism had built the society that suppressed the chance of equality for black people.Some scholars argue that Americans—white Americans—have not learned the lesson of the 1960s uprisings or the recommendations to correct the problems.;In the wake of the Kerner Report, we have created two societies that are deeply unequal. That is a fact,; said Heather Ann Thompson. She is a professor at the University of Michigan and wrote the book, Whose Detroit?;The inequality, the income inequality, racial inequality, suburban/city inequality, job inequality –we could just go on and on and on – is far worse and that is a deeply racialized inequality. So, weve done that. The question remains: What do we do next,; Thompson said.There is resentment surrounding issues of race has been building over those decades; resentment among blacks who still find themselves at the bottom of the economic ladder; and resentment among whites whove been knocked down a rung or two.Paul Lee is a Detroit historian whos written on the 1967 uprising in Detroit. He says things are not any better today than they were in the 60s and perhaps worse. He says the protests weve seen in the last couple of years are revealing.;Our situation, that is, the situation of African-Americans in Detroit and throughout the country, I think is much more precarious than its been perhaps in a century,; Lee said.He bases that on the loss of economic underpinnings of black neighborhoods. He cites the loss of black businesses as neighborhoods were destroyed by redevelopment. Added to that is the fact fewer blacks then and now own their own homes compared to white populations. Home ownership is a significant factor in building wealth.The relatively few middle-class black families who could afford to move followed white families to the suburbs.The relatively little economic power African-Americans had in the urban centers has slipped away.But, in cities such as Detroit there was optimism because political power grew.In Detroit, when the black vote grew in strength, Detroit elected its first black mayor, Coleman Young.Young worked to make sure black residents were better represented in city departments. Paul Lee says that greater political power did not mean the majority black population actually ran the city.;While I think black political power is important, I think if theres no economic foundation then black power is relatively meaningless; Lee explained.With recent investments by billionaires—white billionaires—in Detroits central business districts, there is a celebrated downtown revitalization. But that growth keeps investment in white hands with little benefit to Detroit residents.Many long-time residents in the neighborhoods dont feel theyre included. They dont feel theyre sharing in that new prosperity.While much of the American economy has been recovering, Detroit residents have been seeing a huge increase in tax foreclosures. Unemployment rates remain about twice that of state or national numbers. Poverty is widesp with about 40% of the city at or below the poverty line.Under the same kind of circumstances, the 1960s and 70s saw a rise in protest organizations, some of them militant.Former Detroit City Council Member Sheila Cockrel was an activist alongside her husband, Kenneth Cockrel. He was with the League of Revolutionary Black Workers. She says the term ;Black Power; entered the national lexicon. ;For many people it was an expression of the necessity of being at the table, if you will. That when decisions are made, that the voices of black people are part of the decision-making,; she said.;Black Power; was an unsettling term for many white Americans. It challenged the racial dynamic of the time.Since that time, theres been a shift from ;Black Power; to todays ;Black Lives Matter.; The movements seem to be transforming from a demand to have a seat at the table to the request, ;Please dont kill us.;But, ;Black Lives Matter; isnt the only protest movement. In Detroit, dating back to at least the take-over by an emergency manager and then bankruptcy, new groups have been raising their voices in and around the city. Groups such as New Era Detroit, the Change Agent Consortium, the Detroit Water Brigade. There are protests for economic inclusion, against foreclosures and water shutoffs, and against police brutality.In nearby Dearborn, protests about the police shooting of Kevin Matthews. Among the chants heard in the street were ;No justice, no peace,; and ;No racist police.;;Im hoping that in that constellation of organizations and people that theres going to emerge the next generation of authentic grassroots leadership that creates, that has a set of ideas that motivate people to act.;Some of those ideas are based on the belief that government—especially state government – ignores the needs of people of color.;Were skeptical of government because government isnt serving us,; said Rev. Charles Williams II, president of the Michigan of National Action Network. He says people are frustrated that in many ways, life in Detroit is worse now than it was in 1967.;As we see our struggle today, we see that some of those same issues are ahead of us. So, this is the reason we must continue to organize and its the reason why we continue to organize,; Williams stated.Williams believes black voices are getting louder because white voices are getting louder. He says since Barack Obama took office, certain white groups have escalated the rhetoric of bigotry and given it a national stage. He thinks a lot of that has to do with the fact there is a black man in the White House.;I think it had more to do not with his character, not with his willingness to go and meet and do and work, but the matter of fact is hes African-American,; Williams said.And a black president is seen by some as the ultimate threat to white power structure and privilege.Many politicians who count on white votes are wary to do much to alienate those votes.Heather Ann Thompson—the U of M professor—says policymakers today largely are ignoring the issues in the same way policymakers ignored them in the 1960s.;The good news is that we now, I think, are really hearing from those people who have suffered this very directly. And thats why Ferguson has blown up and thats why Baltimore has exploded. And thats why people in cities across America are speaking out and saying, No. We need a different civil rights movement. We need a different moment of change.;And to be effective, that change will have to negotiate opportunities for African-Americans to be included in both political and economic power.(You can see all of our Detroit Journalism Cooperative coverage here.)Support for the Detroit Journalism Cooperative on Michigan Radio comes from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, Renaissance Journalisms Michigan Reporting Initiative, and the Ford Foundation.Assistance in reporting this piece came from Bill McGraw with Bridge Magazine, a DJC partner, and Michigan Radios Sarah Cwiek.201603/431199

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